Drug Dependence and Addiction

Addiction is a compulsive act (which had to be done) and excessive involvement of certain activities.

Addiction is a compulsive act (which had to be done) and excessive involvement of certain activities.
This activity can be a gamble (gambling) or in the form of the use of various substances, like drugs.
The drugs can cause psychological dependence only or physical and psychological dependence.

Psychological dependence is a desire to continue taking a drug to induce pleasure or to reduce tensions and avoid discomfort.
Drugs that cause psychological dependence usually works in the brain and has one or more of the following effects:
- Reducing anxiety and tension
- Cause excitement, euphoria (exaggerated feeling of pleasure) or other pleasant emotional changes
- Lead to feelings of increased mental and physical abilities
- Change physical perceptions.

Psychological dependence can be very strong and difficult to overcome.
This occurs mainly on drugs that alter emotions and sensations, which affects the central nervous system.

For addicts, drug-related activities become an important part of their everyday lives, so that a form of addiction usually affects the ability to work, the learning process or affect the relationship with family and friends.
Heavy dependence on, the majority of addicts thoughts and activities, focused on how to obtain and use drugs.
An addict can cheat, lie and steal to satisfy the addiction.
Addicts have a hard time to stop using drugs and often return to the habit after a while stopped.

Some drugs cause physical dependence, physical dependence but do not always accompany the psychological dependence.
To drugs that causes physical dependence, the body adjusts to the drugs used continuously and cause tolerance, whereas if its use is stopped, withdrawal symptoms will occur.

Tolerance is the need to progressively increase the drug dose to produce effects that can usually be achieved with smaller doses.

Withdrawal symptoms occur if the drug is stopped or if the drug effect was prevented by an antagonist.
A person who is experiencing withdrawal symptoms, feeling sick and can show many symptoms, such as headaches, diarrhea, or trembling (tremor).
Withdrawal symptoms can be a problem seirus and can even be fatal.

Drug abuse is more than just a physiological effect.
For example, the pain of cancer patients treated for several months or several years with opioids (eg morphine), almost never become addicted to narcotics, although they can become physically dependent.
Drug abuse is a concept which is mainly defined as impaired function of the behavior and rejection by society / environment.

In the United States, the medical term drug abuse (drug abuse) is defined as maladaptasi dysfunction and, not dependencies caused by drug use.
In everyday language, drug abuse (drug abuse) is often defined as:
- The use of illegal drugs to try and for pleasure
- Authorized the use of drugs to overcome the problems or symptoms without a prescription from a doctor, and
- The use of drugs that cause dependency.

Drug abuse occurs in all socio-economic group and includes groups of higher education and professional people and those with no education and no work.

Although drug abuse has a strong effect, but the emotional environment in which drug users and drunk, will significantly influence the effect.
For example, someone who was sad before drinking alcohol can be even more upset as the effects of alcohol.
The same people will be happy when a friend who likes to drink.
We can not always predict exactly what will result from the drug in the same person every time he drank.

How does drug addiction is complicated and unclear.
This process is influenced by the chemical substances in drugs, drug effects, the drug user’s personality and other conditions, such as heredity and social pressures.
The development of the uses to try to use that once in a while and then became tolerance and dependence, yet it’s understandable.

Many thought the term addict personality.
People who are addicted often feel inferior, immature, easily frustrated and have difficulties in solving personal problems and difficulties in dealing with the opposite sex.

The addict may try to escape from reality which is described as fear, withdrawal and depression.
Some addicts have a history of attempted suicide or hurt himself.

The addict is sometimes described as a person-dependent, requiring support in developing relationships and having difficulty maintaining themselves.
The others showed a clear provocation and unconscious and uncontrolled sexual expression, they may use drugs to control their behavior.

The available evidence suggests that most of these characteristics arise as a result of long-term addiction and drug abuse is not that just happened.

Sometimes, family members or friends can berkelakukan seemed to allow the continued penyalahgunan drug addict or alcoholic; these people are called kodipenden (also called licensing).
Kodipenden can defend the addict to stop using drugs or alcohol, but rarely do anything else to help change behavior.

Family members or friends who are concerned should encourage the addicts to stop abusing drugs and into treatment programs.
If the addict refuses to seek treatment, family member or friend could even threaten to withdraw from the association.
This approach may seem cruel, but can be accompanied by a professional penuntunan intervention.
This could be one way to convince the addict that behavioral changes must be made.

Addicts who are pregnant, her fetus will contaminate the drugs he uses.
Addicts who are pregnant often do not recognize the doctor or nurse that he used alcohol and drugs.

The fetus may experience physical dependence.
Immediately after birth, the baby may experience withdrawal symptoms are severe or even fatal, especially if the doctors and the nurses did not know that her mother was an addict.
Babies who survived the withdrawal symptoms can get a lot of other problems.

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