Impact of Drugs in Job

Impact of Drugs in Job.

Substance abuse, involves the excessive and repeated usage of a substance to flee reality to generate pleasure despite its destructive effects. The substances abused might be illegal drugs for example opium, cocaine, marijuana and their derivatives or legal substances used improperly, including prescribed drugs and inhalants like nail polish or gasoline. 

Substance abuse by employees cause many expensive problems for businesses including absenteeism, lost productivity, accidents, and a rise in the insurance claims. 

A survey with the authorities showed full-time employees who admitted to being current illicit drug users usually are: between your ages of 18 and 25, less educated, male, divorced or never married, white and low paid employees. The industries with highest rates of illicit drug use are food preparation workers, waiters, waitresses, and bartenders, construction workers and the workers in transportation and material moving. 

The loss to companies in the us caused by alcohol and drug-related abuse by employees’ totals $100 billion per year, in line with the National Clearinghouse for Alcohol and Drug Information. There are various impacts caused by drug in workplace. 

Drug use lowers productivity: Numerous studies have shown that substance-abusing employees function at about 67% of their capacity. Problems linked to alcohol and substance abuse cost American businesses roughly $81 billion in lost productivity in only 1 year. 

· Drug abuse causes accidents and injuries: Employees who use medicine is 3.6 times prone to be concerned within a workplace accident and five times more prone to file a workers’ compensation claim. Around 40 % of industrial fatalities and 47 percent of business injuries are linked with alcohol use and alcoholism. 

· Habit increases absenteeism and turnover: An estimated 500 million workdays are lost annually as a result of alcoholism. Illicit drug users tend to be more than twice as likely than others that not use drugs to possess changed employers three or higher times before year. 

· Drug abuse increases an employer’s medical costs: Employees who abused to drugs, costs twice in medical statements to their employers, than the other normal employees. 

· Higher Rates Turnover: Employees who tested positive on their own pre-employment drug tests were 77 % prone to be discharged inside the first four years of employment and absent from work 66 % more often than people who tested negative as outlined by US Postal Service. 

Preventive actions 

A study from the economic impact of habit treatment in Ohio found significant improvements in job-related performance: 

· 97 percent decline in on-the-job injuries 

· 93 percent loss of mistakes in work 

· 88 percent decline in complications with supervisors 

· 91 percent reduction in absenteeism. 

When organizations go ahead and take preventive actions by establishing comprehensive programs, both employers and personnel are benefited. 

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