The second part of the Ancient Roman History series. In this part you will learn about the tools, foods and treatments Romans used for illnesses.
Many of the medical tools and procedures used in ancient Rome are still used today; they have just been greatly improved over the years. It’s believed that ancient Romans had basically the same knowledge about medicines and treatments then people of today. Very early Romans believed that a combination of folklore and magic was the only way to fight diseases. Every home in Rome had its own special stock of herbal remedies and shrine. The way Romans got folk medicine was from aborigines of prehistoric Italy and Etruscans.
Only elders, magicians and priest had healing professions. Herbs were the only medicine used to cure illnesses at first; the problem was that herbs weren’t able to cure illness alone. Some diseases we can get now were also catchable back in ancient Rome, but of course these days we have better equipment and medicines to help fight diseases. It was also known that the ancient Romans had known the procedures of removing the fetus from the uterus, this procedure is now known as an abortion.
People that were not always a part of the Roman culture were doctors. Hygiene was more imported to Romans than doctors. The Romans good hygiene habits kept their society healthy for centuries. They devised the system of public baths and also were credited for the first pay toilet. Romans were very concerned about their cleanness. The herbs the Romans used as medicine to fight illnesses are now mainly used for cooking. A thing that helped with menstrual disorders, runny nose, venomous bites and inflammation was Cinnamon, this medicine was very valuable.
Besides using herbs and doing rituals to get rid of illnesses, Romans also relied on their gods. Romans believed that there were many different gods to treat different illnesses. They build temples for these gods to honour them. A goddess that had foul orders invoked in her name was Mephitis the goddess of putrefaction, her temple was build in a place that released bad fumes that came from the earth.
Other Parts of this Series: