10 medicinal plants approved by the Philippine Department of Health (DOH) as an alternative medicine in treating particular disorders.
The Philippines is blessed with more than 500 medicinal plants, and below is a list of 10 medicinal plants approved by the Philippine Department of Health (DOH) as an alternative medicine in treating particular disorders.
Ampalaya:(Bitter Gourd) – Momordica charantia
Ampalaya is a herbaceous, climbing vine that has heart-shaped leaves and grows to 5 meters. In the Philippines, ampalaya is grown year long for its bitter edible fruit. Each plant bears separate yellow male and female flowers. The fleshy green fruit has an oblong shape.
Medicinal Uses (parts use: leaves, roots, fruits)
- Leaves or root decoction can be use to ease hemorrhoids.
- Juice made from leaves is use for cough, to heal wounds and as a purgative and to drive out intestinal parasites.
- Juice from fruit is effective for dysentery and chronic colitis.
- A mixture of seeds and roots is helpful in treating urethral discharges.
- Pounded leaves used for scalds.
- Concoction of leaves relieved fevers.
- It is also used for jaundice, eczema, abdominal pain, pneumonia, rheumatism, and psoriasis.
Recent studies have suggested that ampalaya is highly recommended for the treatment of diabetes. It contains a plant insulin responsible for its blood sugar lowering effect.
Akapulko: (Ringworm Bush) – Cassia alata
Akapulko or Acapulco in English is an erect, shrubby legume found throughout the Philippines. It grows up to 6 feet tall, with dark green compound leaves. It has yellow-orange flowers that produce on average 50-60 small, triangular seeds. The parts use are leaves, flowers and seeds.
Medicinal Uses: (parts use: leaves, flowers and seeds)
- The seeds are used in expelling intestinal parasites.
- Decoction of leaves and flowers eases cough.
- Crushed leaves and juice extract are used to treat fungal infections such as; ringworm, athlete‘s foot, scabies, eczema, and herpes.
- Pounded leaves are used for insect bites, rheumatism and reducing swelling of joints due to injuries.
- Mixture of leaves and flowers used as mouthwash in the treatment of stomatitis.
- The leaves stain is used as purgative.
- The juice of the leaves is used for the treatment of fetid discharges.
- Decoction of leaves are used to treat bronchitis and asthma.
Bawang: (GARLIC) - Allium sativum