Infancy Developmental Stage Worksheet.
Infancy Developmental Stage Worksheet
Using the text for this course, the University Library, the Internet, and/or other resources, answer the following questions. Your response to each question should be at least 250 words in length.
1. What are the major milestones related to physical development in infancy? Briefly describe these milestones. How are motor, sensory, and perceptual skills developed in infancy?
There are many major milestones related to physical development in the first two years of an infant’s life. The average baby weights around seven and a half pounds (Berger, 2008). This weight will more than quadruple by the time they are two years old. The height of a child moves just as quickly, the average child will be half his or her adult height by the time he or she reaches two years old (Berger, 2008). A baby’s sleep schedule goes through many changes during the first year of life. The first months of an infant’s life is mostly sleeping. As the infant gets older he or she will move into more of a transitional sleep, spending more time dozing than staying in a deep REM sleep (Berger, 2008). During the first year of life the developmental milestones are marked by the number of months the child is alive. There is so much happening during that first year of life; a baby learns how to sit up, roll over, crawl, creep, walk, cruise, stand, and hold his or her head up (Barsley, 1993). These are the gross motor skills and are relatively the first to develop in a baby. The sensory and perceptual skills are developed through stimuli in the environment. Babies are born without the ability to perceive many things at first; some things are just beyond comprehension, for example the words in a book, it takes repetition of experiences for the baby to make any sense of them (Berger, 2008). Certain toys will help work all three skills at the time same jumparoos, also known as jumpers, are a type of toy is circular with the ability to hold a child in a seat and holds many objects of interest.
1. What are the major milestones related to cognitive development in infancy? Briefly describe these milestones. What role does Piaget’s Cognitive Development Theory play in understanding the cognitive development of infants?