With summer fast approaching, many of you may need some information on some common and unsightly foot disorders.
Even though we are once again on Summer’s heels, some of you may not even be considering buying a new pair of sandals for the season. No matter how sweaty your feet get, it won’t be as bad as showing your disgusting, misshapen feet to the public.
Foot disorders are quite common, so you are definitely not alone every summer. Perfect feet are the exception, not the rule. If you have perfect feet, you are either very lucky or very lazy. Most foot disorders are also not serious, and something can be done about them.
The following are 10 foot disorders, their descriptions with accompanying photographs (my apologies), and their treatments. Please keep in mind, however, that you should consult a podiatrist in regards to any and all concerns you have about your feet before taking it upon yourself to treat them. This especially goes for people with diabetes.
1. Athlete’s Foot: The most common fungal infection of the skin, and can either be acute or chronic. Unfortunately, this foot disorder is made worse by not wearing sandals, for moisture and heat exacerbates infection. Treatments: Oral antibiotics, soaking feet in Epsom salt and warm water, and other kinds of oral and topical treatments.
2. Bunions: Usually a bump at the base and side of the big toe. Rarely they occur on the base and side of the little toe. They are caused due to a misalignment of the first metatarsal (long bone behind big toe). Bunions can cause the big toe to bend towards and either over or under the second toe. This foot disorder can be very painful, especially in women, since women shoes are usually more pointed. Treatments: For mild bunions, just wearing the right footwear is all that is necessary to relieve the pain. Wearing pads and cushions in the shoe may also be helpful. Orthotics may be prescribed in order to prevent further deformation. If these methods fail to relieve the painful symptoms caused by bunions, different kinds of surgeries may be recommended, depending on the severity of the bunion.
3. Corns and Calluses: Areas of thick skin that form over a bone deformity. It’s the excess pressure and friction in this area that causes these disorders. Corns occur on the top of the toes, and calluses occur on the bottom of the feet. Other places corns and calluses can occur are between the toes, back of the heel, and top of the foot. Treatments: Over-the-counter remedies that burn off corns and calluses, but they will keep coming back. Orthotics and surgery are other options. Padding, cushioning, and anti-biotics may be recommended for certain corns.