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Acne, Aids, Addiction, Albinism: Meanings and Causes

These health problems are quite common.

Acne

Acne is a very common problem of the skin. It affects almost everybody most especially adolescents. It becomes embarrassing most especially if the case is severe. Other cases are lesser severe like blackheads, whiteheads and a few pimples. However, these cases still need to be treated as it is unsightly to the face.

Acne is a skin condition in which an overproduction of sebum causes blackhead, whiteheads, and pimples. The Reader’s Digest Medical Question and Answer Guide describes acne as a chronic skin condition in which overactivity of the sebaceous glands combines with bacterial infection. Too much sebum (oil) pours onto the skin’s surface. It mixes with environmental dirt and dead skin cells. This unhappy mix becomes a bacterial breeding ground where pores become blocked, blackheads are formed, congested hair follicles become infected and the liquid that steps from the infected areas infects the surrounding tissue.

Trapped sebum sometimes causes bacteria to grow. This causes pimple to form. A pimple is a blocked pore that is inflamed and infected. At some cases, it is filled with pus. According to research, foods rarely cause acne. However, some foods may make it worse like foods that are rich in iodine.

AIDS

Acquired Immune-Deficiency Syndrome or AIDS is a fatal viral disease of the immune system. It is caused by a virus which destroys many of the T cells so that they cannot do their normal job. Once a person is infected, his resistance to diseases becomes weak, and unable to fight off infection. The AIDS virus itself does not kill people. The AIDS victims die from other infections that would normally not be fatal, but that their impaired immune system cannot fight off.

AIDS is normally passed from person to person by sexual contact. Some victims are drug addicts. They get it from the infected needles they use while others get it from receiving blood from an infected donor. Common victims are homosexual men, drug users who injected drug with infected needles and pregnant women who passed the virus to their unborn children. Majority of AIDS victims die from pneumonia while others from rare cancers and viruses, and a parasite.

Addiction

A person may be addicted to alcohol, drugs or nicotine. There is no exact known causes of addiction to these substances but usually the problems result from family problems, peer pressure, stress and being unable to cope with day to day problems, dependence on these substances is believed to give the victim temporary escape from reality. Their habit places drug abusers in the power of people who may harm or even kill them. What makes the condition worse is when the abuser contacts hepatitis, AIDS, or other infectious diseases from using dirty needles.

Albinism

Albinism is a hereditary condition in which the body does not produce the pigment melanin. Albinos have very pale hair, eyes and skin.

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