Cancers of the cervix or endometrium are really two distinct cancers? What are their respective symptoms? The causes are different? The prognosis is it the same? Little development around the endometrial cancer and cancer of the cervix.
Some characteristics for these two cancers: cancer of the cervix and cancer of the corpus uteri
The endometrial cancer, also called cancer of the body of the uterus develops from the endometrium, the lining inside the uterus. Cancer of the cervix, it, is growing particularly in the cervix of the uterus. Their causes are also distinct (see below).
Cancer of the cervix has the distinction of receiving relatively young women, while endometrial cancer is cancer in postmenopausal women (60 to 70 years).
Finally, while endometrial cancer is a cancer of good prognosis, cancer of the cervix is too often fatal, with 1,000 deaths each year in France. It must be said that this is the second type of cancer most common in women, behind breast cancer.
Cancer of the cervix and endometrial cancer: causes distinct
Cancer of the cervix is most often caused by a genital infection, especially papillomavirus (HPV). In most cases, the HPV virus is present in a latent state in the body as countered by the immune system. But in some women, it can make cancer cells on the surface of the cervix, many years after initial infection with HPV.
This virus is sexually transmitted, multiple partners, an early sexual life early and unprotected sex are risk factors. Other risk factors include infections caused by other sexually transmitted diseases, a weakened immune system and smoking.
The causes of endometrial cancer are unknown, but participation is strongly suspected estrogen since estrogen impregnation is an important risk factor.
Thus, the endometrial cancer is more common among women with high estrogen levels or in the event of prolonged exposure to this hormone as well as women settled at an early age, which are late or postmenopausal who have taken hormone replacement therapy.Other risk factors for endometrial cancer are irregular ovulation, ovarian tumors secreting estrogen, treatment with tamoxifen, a genetic predisposition, obesity, diabetes.
What are the symptoms of these two respective cancers?
Cancer of the cervix is usually asymptomatic, that is to say that no symptoms, resulting in a higher risk of being discovered late in advanced stages, supporting the achievement of very regular smear test. In rare cases, cancer of the cervix can cause symptoms such as bleeding after intercourse, bleeding between periods or bleeding after menopause.
Or bleeding between periods or after menopause is precisely the most characteristic signs of endometrial cancer can put on the track of this cancer. Some women can also be observed weight loss, rules longer than normal, vaginal discharge white or pink and pelvic pain.
Regular monitoring is required, as well as consultation in the event of abnormal bleeding and a regular smears every two years to begin within eight years after first intercourse.