Chronic kidney disease is a slow deterioration of kidney function that leads to accumulation of metabolic wastes in the blood (azotemia). Healthy kidneys will get rid of waste from your blood, where the waste is then leave your body through the urine. The kidneys also help in pengendalinan blood pressure and red blood cell formation.
If the kidneys are damaged, the kidneys can not create waste from the blood as a function initially. This condition is called chronic kidney disease. There are many causes of this disease, including affected by diabetes and high blood pressure, a descendant of the family as well as congenital birth. Here are some of the most common types and causes of kidney damage:
Diabetes: The condition where the body can not produce enough insulin or can not use insulin normally and adequately. This increases blood sugar levels that can cause problems in many organs. Diabetes is considered as the leading cause of kidney disease.
High blood pressure: The disease is another common cause of kidney disease and other complications, such as heart attacks and strokes. This condition can occur when the blood pressure in the artery wall increases. When the disease is not controlled it can invite one of the complications of chronic kidney disease.
Glomerulonephritis: Diseases that cause inflammation in the small filter pad aunit kidney called glomeruli. Glomerulonephritis may happen suddenly. For example after you have throat infection and then recover. Though the disease can continue to develop slowly over several years. This condition can cause a progressive decline in renal function.
Polycystic kidney disease: It is the most common hereditary kidney disease. Characterized by the formation of enlarged cysts in the kidney and can cause serious kidney damage and even kidney failure. Other hereditary diseases that affect the kidneys include Sindrim Alford, hyperoxaluria and cystinuria.
Kidney stones: the disease is very common and when the stones pass can cause severe pain in the back and sides. As for some of the causes of kidney stones including congenital abnormalities that cause too much kaslim absorbed from food and infection or urinary tract disorders.
Sometimes medication and diet can help prevent kidney stone formation. If the stone is too large to pass, it must undergo treatment to remove and break stones into small pieces so it is easy to remove.
Urinary tract infections: disease caused by germs entering the urinary tract and cause symptoms such as pain or burning when urinating and always want to feel urinate more frequently. These infections most often result in the bladder but sometimes spreads to the kidneys and can cause fever and pain in the rear.
Toxins and drugs: can cause kidney problems. For example, the use of painkillers in large numbers and long periods of time can harm the kidneys. Certain medications such as toxins, pesticides and drug-street Obata (heroin) can also cause kidney damage.
Congenital diseases: This condition can affect the kidneys and usually a problem that occurs in the urinary tract when the baby is still in the womb.
The initial symptom or complaint that is often found in chronic kidney disease; changes in the number and frequency of urine, blood in the urine, pain in the waist area, fatigue, difficulty sleeping, loss of appetite, difficulty concentrating, headache, shortness of breath, itching, nausea and vomiting, breath smells and a metallic taste in the mouth, until the swelling of the foot and ankle.
Some simple tests can be done to detect kidney disease early on, including:
Measurement of blood pressure
kadat proteind urine test natural
creatinine in the blood tests
The doctor will use these test results taking into account age, gender, race and other factors. Aiming to calculate glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in which the GFR will indicate the extent of your kidney function.
Immediately do such tests for early detection of possible kidney failure. Especially if your age into old age, diabetes, high blood pressure, there are family members who have chronic kidney disease, African descent, Hispaniz, Asian, Native Pacific and Indian tribes, which are considered to have an additional risk of chronic kidney disease.