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Cryptorchidism: Where Male Children are Born Without Testicles

Cryptorchidism is a medical condition in which the testicles fail to descend into the scrotum. It affects more than 3% of all men leading to either infertility or testicular cancer. This article assesses the causes, the effects and treatment options available for cryptorchidism.

What is Cryptorchidism?

Cryptorchidism refers to a medical condition in which the testicles fail to descend into the scrotum and remain either in the abdominal or pelvic cavity during fetal development. It affects more than three percent of all males and therefore ranks as one of the most prevalent form of male genital deformity.

Causes of Cryptorchidism

Several factors predispose male children to Cryptorchidism. They include:

a)      Regular alcohol consumption during pregnancy – Alcohol intake among pregnant women has been reported to increase chances of the unborn developing Cryptorchidism.

b)      Premature delivery – Male children born before term are most likely to have either one or both testicles undescended.

c)      Genetic factors – Researchers have linked Cryptorchidism to the genetic constitution of the male child. Fathers with Cryptorchidism are most likely to have male children with the condition.

d)      Chemicals – Some chemicals known as endocrine disruptors are known to cause a hormonal imbalance in the fetus that may lead to Cryptorchidism. Exposure to DDT, Bisphenol A, and phthalates is associated with undescended testicles.

Effects of Cryptorchidism

Cryptorchidism is associated with the following effects among patients:

a)      Infertility – Men born with undescended testicles have reduced fertility.

b)      Cancer risk – Research reveals that cryptorchids have an increased risk of suffering from testicular cancer.

c)      Psychological consequences – Children born with Cryptorchidism tend to elicit psychological complications that mainly arise from the thought of being different from other normal male children. Anxiety, shyness and immaturity are higher in cryptorchids than normal children.

Treatment of Cryptorchidism

There are two major options used for treatment of Cryptorchidism.

a)      Surgical intervention – Cryptorchidism is primarily managed by a surgical procedure known as Orchiopexy while the child is still in his infancy.

b)      Hormonal therapy – HCG injections may also be used for cases in which the testicles are in the inguinal canal.

If your son has this condition, the earlier you contact a pediatric surgeon the better.

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  1. You are so funny! Is this for real? I just learned something new today. Never even heard of this term before. Okay so it only affects 3% of the male population.

  2. It is terrible Marlene but it does exist. 3% of more than 3 billion men on the planet means more than 180 million men!

  3. very good article.. thanks for sharing.

  4. where do you get your topics from :) totally new for me !

  5. Sad situation, but as you stated the soon they seek medical care, the sooner it can be corrected.
    Awesome article

  6. Wow! Learned something new today.

  7. Very good article……

  8. I have never even heard of this, I learned something new today. I feel for any man born with this.

    Thanks for enlighten us.

  9. thanks for telling us this, there are really many things happening in this world which we are not awared. There are many unfortunate people in this world actually.

  10. Good Info. Well researched.

  11. I have heard of it but it is rare. It can happen to any male child.

  12. As Marlene said, I too haven’t heard of this term before. Excellent research and well presented article.

  13. Poor little guys, its traumatic for them.

  14. great stuff …………i like it.

  15. Great knowledgeable stuff

  16. excellent! =)

  17. Very informative. Learn new things. Thanks for sharing.

  18. Interesting and informative post, friend.

  19. Those with cyptorchidism are still with their testicles, albeit one or both of them, uhm, misplaced. Disturbing indeed.

  20. I am shocked.

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