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Diagnosing Diabetes Mellitus

Diagnosis of diabetes is made based on symptoms, and the results of blood tests that showed high levels of blood sugar (not normal). To measure blood sugar levels, blood samples are usually taken after the patient fasted for eight hours or can be taken after meals. Need special attention for patients over the age of 65 years. Should the examination is done after fasting and do after eating due to old age have an increased blood sugar higher.

Diagnosing Diabetes Mellitus – Diagnosis of diabetes is made based on symptoms, and the results of blood tests that showed high levels of blood sugar (not normal). To measure blood sugar levels, blood samples are usually taken after the patient fasted for 8 hours or can be taken after meals. Need special attention for patients over the age of 65 years. Should the examination is done after fasting and do after eating due to old age have an increased blood sugar higher.

Diagnostic criteria for blood sugar (mg / dL)

Not Diabetes

Pre-Diabetes

Diabetes

Fasting

< 110

110-125

> 126

not Fasting

< 110

110-199

> 200

Other blood tests that can be done is the glucose tolerance test. This test is done in certain circumstances, for example in pregnant women. It is for detecting diabetes that often occurs in pregnant women. Patients fasted and blood samples taken to measure fasting blood sugar levels. Then the patient was asked to drink a special solution containing a glucose and 2-3 hours later another blood sample taken for examination.

The results of blood glucose samples compared with the diagnostic criteria for blood sugar latest issued by PERKENI in 2006. Before developing into type 2 diabetes, is usually always have pre-diabetes, which has symptoms of blood sugar levels higher than normal but not high enough to diagnose diabetes. At least 20% of the population aged 40 to 74 years suffering from pre-diabetes.

Research shows some damage in the long run, especially on the heart and circulatory system during this pre-diabetes. With pre-diabetes, you will have a risk of one-half times greater risk of heart disease. When you suffer from diabetes, the risk increased to 2 to 4 times. However, in some people who have pre-diabetes, it is likely to be diabetes can be delayed or prevented by lifestyle changes. Diabetes and pre-diabetes can appear in people with various ages and races, but there are certain groups which have a higher risk.

you can read the other articles about diabetes at http://diabeticneuropathysymptoms.blogspot.com

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