Effects of Exercise on the Musculoskeletal System

Exercise helps condition the both the mind and the body. People tend to enjoy it since it helps in maintaining a lean but muscle-toned shape. However, do you have any idea how the body reacts to exercise? Learn how the muscles and bones react to the physical stress caused by exercise.

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Exercise has diverse effects on both muscles and bones.


With exercise, contraction of the muscles can be elicited. This contraction enables the muscles to shape up and increase their level of strength. Continuous exercise, coupled with weight bearing activities, hypertrophy, or increase in size, of the muscles will be evident. Along with the increase in size, muscle strength may also be enhanced. Exercise is still the best remedy to lose weight. Fats are burned, and muscle shape can be regained. One will still look fresh and young, with tight and well -toned muscles. 


                Ligaments are strong bonds of connective tissues that attach bones to bones. They are made up of collagen fibers that give them their strength. They usually encapsulate a joint to provide additional strength and stability with joint movement. Without exercise, the ligaments can loosen up. Exercise can help them maintain their power and durability.


                Tendons form the ends of the muscles, which hold the muscles to the bones. The fibers of the tendons are long, and are very strong that they can transmit immense forces without damaging themselves. Exercise can amplify their strength, preventing them from becoming physically injured.


                Cartilage is a semi-smooth tissue that forms a cap at the ends of the bones. It provides support by protecting the bones against weight bearing actions. Cartilage should be engaged with joint movement and weight bearing exercises for it to remain healthy. Such exercises keep the cartilage from becoming thin and damaged, which can make them vulnerable to injury or degenerative joint disease.


                Joints hold the bones together while allowing movement between them. The degree of joint movement is called range of motion, or ROM. Exercises for the joints include range of motion exercises. These develop the extent of joint movements without feeling any discomfort.

                Exercise does affect the muscles and bones. However, it should be done in moderation, within one’s cardiac tolerance.  Excessive exercise may induce injury to musculoskeletal structures. Rest periods may also be helpful to relax the structures involved, as well as to regain energy lost with exercise.

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