Fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome have a lot of the same symptoms and treatment, but how are they different. This article gives you the diagnostic criteria for diagnosis, symptoms and treatment of these two simular, yet different disorders.
Fibromyalgia is a chronic disorder characterized by widespread chronic pain, fatigue and depression. Chronic fatigue syndrome is a chronic disorder characterized by severe, disabling fatigue, pain and depression. It does seem that these two diseases are the same condition in many ways, but they are not. They are different conditions that you can have at the same time.
Fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome are commonly seen together. This make each disease even more difficult to live with. When you have both of these chronic disorders, not only are you dealing with severe pain, severe fatigue and depression of both diseases, but also all the many different disorders that go with each of them.
Chronic fatigue syndrome and fibromyalgia may appear alike, but one of the many differences in these two disorders is the way the are diagnosed.
Diagnosis of fibromyalgia:
Diagnosis of fibromyalgia is based on certain criteria that must have been present for three months or more. The first criteria is based on tender point pain. Tender points are penny to quarter size nodules on certain areas of the body that cause an increase of pain that increases when 4 kg. of pressure is applied to the nodule.
There are 18 tender points that are used for diagnosis. To be diagnosed with fibromyalgia you must have an increase of pain in 11 of these tender point when pressure is applied. The pain of tender points is localized and does not radiate to other areas of the body.
The other criteria used in the diagnosis of fibromyalgia is based on fatigue and pain. A person who has a history of widespread pain and fatigue lasting three months are more, with the positive tender point test, is considered to have fibromyalgia.
Diagnosis of chronic fatigue syndrome:
Diagnosis of chronic fatigue syndrome is a bit different than fibromyalgia, but not by much. Chronic fatigue syndrome is considered to be present if a person has had severe, debilitating fatigue for at least three months. There is also a list of other symptoms that must be present for a positive diagnosis.
The following list of symptoms is used for a chronic fatigue diagnosis. A person must have had four of these symptoms along with severe, disabling fatigue to have a positive chronic fatigue diagnosis.
Short term memory loss, concentration problems, sore throat, tender lymph nodes, muscle and joint pain, headaches, unrefreshing sleep and malaise that lasts for more that 24 hours after exertion.