Foods That Trigger Gout &Ndash; Know What to Avoid

Knowing the types of food that can trigger gout.

Gout is a common type of Rheumatoid Arthritis which is considered to be a chronic and progressive disease caused by too much uric acid that accumulates in the joints. For most people, the first gout attack is usually experienced in the big toe which leaves it hot, red, sore and vey swollen. Apart from a person’s big toe, gout can also affect other body parts such as ankles, elbows, fingers, heels, insteps, knees and wrists.


There are several factors that cause gout. These include age, being overweight, certain medicines and health conditions of individuals; gender, genetics and too much alcohol consumption. Another cause of gout would be deficiency in potassium as well as foods that are rich in purines – an organic substance.



Foods That Contain Purines



Foods that contain high levels of purines include bacon, consommé, gravies, hearts (pigs, herring, lamb), lungs (pig), liver (calf, ox and pig) and sweetbreads (calf’s neck). Other foods with excessive levels of purines are sardines in oil, seafood, spleen (ox, pig, and sheep); smelt, smoked sprat and theobromine.


Other foods to avoid would be those that contain high portions of yeast like bread, beer and other alcoholic beverages.


Foods that are considered to be moderately high in purines are anchovies, boletus, brown shrimp, cooked ham, duck, lobster, goose, grouse, haddock, linseed, mushrooms, mussel and mutton. Moreover, partridge, pheasant, real caviar, salami, salmon, sausage, scallops, trout, veal, venison and white poultry meats such as chicken, duck and turkey are also rich in purines. In addition, whole-grain breads and cereals are also included in the list.


Other foods that are moderately high in purines which can aggravate gout are  pork belly, pork chop, pork chuck, pork fillet, pork hip bone (hind leg), pork leg (hind leg), pork muscles, pork shoulder with skin, heart (ox), lamb (muscles only), liver (chicken), lung (calf, ox), heart (sheep), meat (horse, rabbit),

tongue (ox, pig) and spleen (calf).


More foods that contain purines are beef (chuck, fillet, entrecote, fore rib, muscles, roast beef, shoulder, sirloin); beans (lima, mungo bean, soya), chicken (boiled, breast with skin, roasted), fish (anchovy, carp, cod, haddock, halibut, herring roe, mackerel, pike-perch, redfish-ocean perch, saithe-coalfish, salmon, sardine, pilchard, sole, trout, tuna, tuna in oil) and kidney (calf, ox, pig).


 Purines can also be found in fruits like grapes and legumes as well as vegetables such as asparagus, cauliflower, lentil, peas and spinach.



Food That Helps Prevent Gout


In order to combat gout, eating a healthy and well-balanced meal is a start. This should include meals that are high in complex carbohydrates such as fiber-rich whole grains; fruits, vegetables and meals that are low in protein.  


Drinking plenty of liquids such as fruit juices and purified water (at least 8 glasses a day) can greatly help. Other healthy options would be eating fruits such as bananas, fresh cherries, strawberries blueberries and other red-blue berries, as well as foods high in bromelain like pineapples.


Vegetables that are highly recommended include cabbage, celery, green-leafy vegetables, kale, parsley and tomatoes. Vitamin C-rich foods such as mandarins, oranges, potatoes, red bell peppers, red cabbage and tangerines are also good choices in order to avoid gout attacks.


Since prevention is still the best option when it comes to diseases such as gout, it is advised that one must always have a healthy option in life especially when it comes to one’s diet. As the saying goes…“knowing is always half the battle.”






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  1. Thanks for this information. Many of these foods affect arthritis too I have found.


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