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Gastritis Definition, Causes and Clinical Manifestation

Gastritis Definition, Causes and Clinical Manifestation.

Definition of Gastritis

Gastritis is inflammation of the gastric mucosa which can be acute chronic, diffuse or localized. (Soepaman, 1998).
Gastritis is inflammation of the gastric mucosa (Mansjoer Arif, 1999).
Gastritis is inflammation of the gastric mucosa (Sjamsuhidajat, R, 1998).
Based on the definition above authors concluded that Gastritis is an inflammation of gastric mucosa which can be acute, chronic, diffuse or localized.

Cause of Gastritis

Causes of Gastritis can be distinguished according to the classification as follows:

     Acute gastritis
     The reason is analgesic drugs, especially anti-inflammatory aspirin (low dose of aspirin can cause erosion had gastric mucosa).
     Chemicals eg lisol, alcohol, smoking, caffeine pepper, steroids and digitalis.

     Chronic gastritis
     The cause and pathogenesis are generally unknown.
     Gastritis is a common occurrence in the elderly, but the suspect in drinkers of alcohol, and smoking.

  Clinical manifestations of Gastritis

     Clinical manifestations usually appear on Acute Gastritis, namely, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, epigastric pain, gastrointestinal bleeding in Haematemesis melena, a further sign of anemia.

     Chronic gastritis
     Most clients do not have any complaints, only a small fraction complain of heartburn, anorexia, nausea, and anemia complaints and physical examination no abnormalities encountered.

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