Gastritis – inflammation of the inner mucosa of the stomach wall (in some cases the deeper layers), leading to a breach of the digestion, worsening overall condition of the body, decreased performance and fatigue. Gastritis is one of the most common diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, which affects about 50% of the world’s population, the problem of treatment of gastritis and chronic gastritis is relevant to many people.
There are two forms of gastritis:
1. Acute – occurs the first time, the rapidly flowing;
2. Chronic – occurs with frequent relapses.
Acute gastritis – an acute inflammation of the mucous membrane of the stomach and duodenum. The causes of acute gastritis very much. This chemical, mechanical, thermal and bacterial factors. The mechanism of development of gastritis reduces damage to the surface cells and glands of the gastric mucosa and development of inflammatory changes in it. The inflammatory process may be limited to the surface epithelium of the mucous membrane, or extend to the entire thickness of the mucous membrane and even in the muscular layer of the stomach wall. Gastritis can occur in diseases of the pancreas, liver and gall bladder, the error in the nutritional food toksikokifektsiyah, under the influence of some drugs (salicylates, butadion, bromides, digitalis, antibiotics, sulfonamides), food allergies (to strawberries, mushrooms to others) metabolic disorders, burns.
Symptoms of acute gastritis usually occurs within 4-8 h after exposure to a causal factor – is characterized by a feeling of heaviness and fullness in the epigastric region, nausea, weakness, dizziness, vomiting, diarrhea. Skin becomes pale, tongue is coated grayish-white bloom, there is drooling, or, conversely, severe dry mouth.
Chronic gastritis – disease caused by inflammatory changes of gastric mucosa and impaired production of hydrochloric acid (diseases of the pancreas, liver and gall bladder). Along with the unpleasant and painful sensations, gastric and intestinal disorders caused by the ingestion or nervous tension, patients are often marked irritability, fatigue, general weakness, decrease in blood pressure. According to numerous mass screening, chronic gastritis suffer more than 50% of the adult population of developed countries, in the structure of digestive diseases it is 35%.
The main forms of gastritis are now chronic gastritis A (it accounts for 15-18% of cases) and chronic gastritis in caused by a particular microbe – helicobacter pylori (HP) (70% of all chronic gastritis). Other forms of gastritis are much rarer.
Chronic gastritis A first proceeds with the normal secretion of stomach (gastric juice), and at this stage, patients no complaints and treatment is not required. The need for treatment occurs when inflammation in the gastric mucosa is deep and consequently reduced secretion of gastric juice.
With the development of chronic gastritis in the secretion of gastric juice in the lower parts of the stomach increased or normal, but the spread of chronic gastritis in gastric secretory function drops sharply down to the expression of its failure.
Chronic gastritis has no specific symptoms, clinical disease characterized by a great variety. In most cases, symptoms of the disease are pain in the epigastric region and dyspepsia – nausea, vomiting, flatulence, upset his chair. In chronic gastritis with secretory insufficiency (decreased level of hydrochloric acid in gastric juice) are more frequently observed phenomenon of gastric dyspepsia (flatulence, nausea, vomiting) and intestinal dyspepsia (flatulence, rumbling in the stomach, the violation of a chair). Gastritis with preserved or increased secretion of gastric juice (forms, most commonly in young age) are dominated by pain. Most often arise recurring pain in the upper abdomen. Most patients complain of pain in the epigastric region, around the navel or in the right hypochondrium. Pain occur after eating, often associated with a certain type of food, rarely appears on an empty stomach, at night or outside depending on the food. The pain may be mild, sometimes strong. With increased development of gastric hydrochloric acid, the pain is usually severe, with low – weak. The pain is stronger in tension of the walls of the stomach abundant food.
The most common of Helicobacter pylori gastritis. Getting in the stomach, the bacterium multiplies intensively, thereby damaging the mucous membrane of the stomach oblochku changing the production of gastric juice, which leads to erosion and, as a result of a stomach ulcer.
For chronic gastritis characterized by inflammatory and degenerative changes of gastric mucosa. Along with chronic gastritis associated with Helicobacter pylori (Helicobacter pylori – NA) in the population also found other variants of chronic gastritis. According to the Sydney classification distinguish Helicobacter pylori gastritis (type B). Antralny gastritis type B, according to some researchers, is associated with HP, but with fundic atrophic gastritis type A, such a relationship has not yet been established. These scholars reject connection with HP atrophic gastritis, suggesting that perhaps in the early stages of the disease HP leads to the development of inflammation, which then progresses in some patients already as an autoimmune disease without the participation of HP.
Among the chronic gastritis also produce autoimmune gastritis, chronic (reactive) gastritis (gastropathy), gastritis, Environment, Environment (metaplastic atrophic gastritis type B), lymphocytic gastritis (Last, some researchers attributed to HP, celiac disease, illness or Menetries lymphoma of the stomach), and as special forms of gastritis (radiation, granulomatous, eosinophilic or allergic gastritis and multiple gastritopodobnye disease).
The number of patients with chronic gastritis associated with HP, in different populations, obviously, can vary, depending on various factors: economic conditions, habits and lifestyles of the population, etc.
Predisposing factors of chronic gastritis are:
• stress, leading to a breach of natural biologically based rhythms of life (work at night, lack of a full night’s sleep), trouble at work, family and others;
• feeding conditions (irregular, unbalanced nutrition on the run “,” snacks “food” dry rations “);
• receipt of poor-quality food, alcoholic beverages in large quantities, or their surrogates;
• Abuse of dishes, which include refined grains, refined oil products in the presence of preservatives, emulsifiers, in animal food – hormones and antibiotics;
• infection of the bacteria Helicobacter pylori.
In 75% of women suffering from chronic gastritis, acute illness during pregnancy. Typically, women suffering from chronic gastritis, develops early toxicosis – vomiting of pregnant women, and often it has been delayed until 14-17 weeks and can be severe.
In traditional medicine treatment for all types of gastritis, spend antibiotics (when caused by gastritis mucosa), antacids, H2 blockers, histamine receptor, antispasmodics, enzymes. All these measures provide only temporary results, since in most cases do not eliminate the underlying causes of chronic gastritis.
In our clinic, one of the main factors in successful treatment of gastritis, a diagnosis of the root causes of its occurrence, and only then appointed – individually designed, taking into account all the factors of diet, sparing the gastric mucosa and Nutraceuticals, harmless vegetable preparations, effectively, as on disease and the cause of its occurrence!
These measures have helped to save the patient from gastritis forever.