By duckletshut on May 12th, 2011
Cancer screening and detection is vital. It could save a life.
Checking for cancer symptoms early on and screening for cancer are effective ways to detect any cancers at an early stage. The earlier a cancer is found, the better it will be treated. A woman can do a self-examination of her breasts to check for any lumps or irregularities, or a physical exam by a physician can be done as well.
Lab tests can be performed, such as tissue samples and blood and urine samples to detect for cancer. Regular screening through Pap tests, where a swab is taken of the cervix as well as pelvic exams, can reduce incidence and mortality rates of cervical cancer by 80%.
Women over the age of 21 and under 60 years old should get pap tests done regularly, every two years from age 21 to 30 and every 3 years after age 30, as long as the results are normal.
If you are over age 50, you should get a colonoscopy exam, to check for colon cancer. For more information about the exam you can visit the Centre for Disease Control’s website:
If every person over the age of 50 were screened regularly, as many as 60% of deaths from it would be avoided. Colorectal cancer is the 2nd leading cause of cancer deaths in the United States. Screening tests can detect pre-cancerous polyps as well as colorectal cancer early, which has better odds of successful treatment.
When and which tests should be performed?
Colonoscopy (every 10 years).High-sensitivity fecal occult blood test (FOBT) (every year)
Flexible sigmoidoscopy (every 5 years)
Read more in Conditions and Diseases