Heart Attack – The Symptoms and Prevention

Though February is called as the "heart month", there is no imperfect time to evaluate and analyze what you can do to maintain the health of your heart.

Though February is called as the “heart month”, there is no imperfect time to evaluate and analyze what you can do to maintain the health of your heart.

Defining a heart attack

When the supply of the blood to the heart is stopped, it is usually termed as a heart attack. When there is a blockage in the coronary arteries, the supply of blood to the heart will be reduced. This usually results in a heart attack. The blockage is caused by atherosclerosis where fat-like substances get deposited over the arteries.

Warning signs

In most cases, the heart attack will be accompanied only by a mild pain. Most people will think that they are suffering from indigestion while they are actually in the middle of a heart attack. To counter heart attack, it is necessary to get medical help as early as possible. The following are the warning signs of heart attack according to the Heart Association of America.

  • A discomfort in the chest is the most common symptom. A mild or significant pain in the middle of the chest which will last longer than five minutes is a common sign.
  • You might also experience pain in other parts of the body including arms and elbows.
  • You will also experience some difficulty to breath accompanied by the discomfort in your chest.
  • One might also be nauseous or fell lightheaded during a heart attack.

Both Men and Women alike are affected by heart attacks. Chest pain along with a minor heart block is the most common sign during a heart attack. Women though are more prone to other symptoms like nausea than Men.

How to prevent it?

So, do you want to prevent yourself from a heart attack? Follow the below mentioned steps then.

  • Maintaining proper weight is very important. If you are obese, reduce your weight.
  • Even if you do a white collar job, get at least thirty minutes of physical activity per day.
  • Never smoke as it spoils your heart.
  • Drink low-fat milk.
  • Never take in saturated fat but unsaturated fat is good for you.
  • Do not take food which is high in cholesterol content.

Never ignore it even if you have only got a first degree heart block, it may not seem dangerous, but it can be a signal of your weak heart.

You should also learn more about your blood lipid count. Compare your numbers with the prescribed values and do what you can to maintain them.

Optimal lipid levels:

  • The LDH Cholesterol should be less than 100 mg/dL
  • The HDL Cholesterol should be greater than 60 mg/dL
  • The triglyceride content should be less than 150 mg/dL
  • The overall cholesterol level should be less than 200 mg/dL
  • Finally, the ratio of cholesterol to HDL should be less than 4.
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