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How Do You Give First Aid for Heat-related Illness?

Heat cramps are painful muscle spasms in the legs and arms due to excessive fluid loss though sweating.

First aid for heat cramps involves these steps:

·         Have the victim rest in a cool, shaded area.

·         Give the victim cool water to drink.

·         Stretch the muscle gently.

Heat exhaustion is extreme tiredness due to the body’s inability to regulate its temperature. Heat exhaustion can be life-threatening. Signs of heat exhaustion include cool, moist, pale, or red skin; nausea; headache; dizziness; fast pulse; weakness; and a body temperature below normal.

First aid for heat exhaustion involves these steps:

Call the local emergency number and obtain medical care immediately.

·         Have the victim rest in a cool place.

·         Have the victim lie down and raise his or her feet.

·         Give the victim cool water to drink.

·         Observe the victim for signs of heatstroke.

Heatstroke is an overheating of the body that is life-threatening. Sweating stops and the body cannot regulate its temperature. Signs of heatstroke include hot, dry skin; headache; dizziness; weakness; rapid pulse; and a high body temperature.

First aid for heatstroke involves these steps:

Call the local emergency number and obtain medical care immediately.

·         Have the victim rest in a cool place.

·         Remove heavy clothing.

·         Wrap the victim in cool, wet towels or sheets.

·         Place ice packs near the neck, armpits, and groin.

·         Continue cooling the victim.

·         Treat life-threatening emergencies.

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