How to Avoid Migraine Attacks

If you are a migraine sufferer, here are a few basic steps to avoid a migraine attack or minimize its impact.

Migraine is a type of recurrent headache that may either be one-sided (unilateral) or double-sided (bilateral) – meaning it could affect one side or both sides of the head. Migraine sufferers usually describe it as a throbbing or splitting headache that is sometimes accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

If you have migraine, you suffer from recurrent attacks of headache that tends to be so severe it hampers your daily routines. It is therefore imperative to avoid an attack as much as possible.

The following are key steps for you to avoid a migraine attack, or minimize its severity:

Know the basic facts about migraine.

Although much about migraines remains unclear, some researchers believe that these headaches may arise from functional changes in the trigeminal nerve system, a key pain pathway in the nervous system, and also by imbalances in neurochemicals, including serotonin, a substance in the brain that helps regulate pain messages going through this nerve pathway. Serotonin levels are decreased during a headache. Researchers think that this stimulates the trigeminal nerve to release neuropeptides, which travel to the meninges (the outer covering of the brain), where they cause the blood vessels to dilate and become inflamed – resulting in pain.

Know what triggers a migraine attack.


There are several factors that can precipitate a migraine attack. Often referred to as migraine triggers, these factors include:

  • Medications, including pain relievers routinely used, hormone replacement therapy (HRT) or contraceptive pills, as well as drugs that act to dilate blood vessels (vasodilators)
  • Hormonal changes, such as during menstruation and nearing menopause
  • Lifestyle factors, such as lack of sleep, excessive exercise, fatigue and emotional stress
  • Dietary factors like skipping meals, alcohol intake, consumption of foods containing tannin, sulfites, tyramine, monosodium glutamate (MSG), and phenylethylamine (chocolates, cheese, processed meat, coffee, tea, apple juice, dried fruits, red wine, peas, olives, pickles, etc.)
  • Glaring lights
  • Strong scents
  • Sudden changes in weather, altitude or even time zone
  • Hypotension


Identify the triggers that specifically cause your migraine attacks.


The aforementioned migraine triggers may vary from one person to another. What triggers your migraine may not trigger an attack in other sufferers. Therefore, you need to identify which ones are causing your headache, so you can avoid them as much as possible.

Avoid what triggers your migraine attacks.


Once you have identified your migraine triggers, you should do your best to avoid them. This may need a little more discipline and ingenuity on your part. For instance, you may be fond of chocolates, like most people are, but these products trigger your migraine; or you may like a certain scent but likewise, it triggers a migraine attack. Avoiding the triggers would then pose a greater challenge.

Minimize your chances of having a migraine attack.

Unlike most of migraine triggers which can be modified or avoided, menstruation, menopause, and certain environmental factors are unavoidable. What you need to do is to minimize other factors which tend to increase your chances of having a migraine attack during your menstrual period or menopausal stage.

You may do that by doing the following:

  • getting enough sleep
  • exercising
  • eating a healthy diet
  • wearing sunglasses when outdoors during the day
  • staying in dimly lighted areas
  • avoiding strong scents
  • avoiding migraine-causing food and drinks


Seek proper medical advice.


As always, be sure to consult your doctor for you to have a thorough understanding of migraine and a clear picture of your specific condition. Your doctor can help you identify certain factors that can trigger your migraine attacks, and offer sound medical advice.

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  1. good information, thanks

  2. Great, helpful, information. Thankyou.

  3. thank you for this good information

  4. Thanks for that.

  5. Thanks for sharing this!

  6. Great helpful information!

  7. i hate migraine!!!

  8. This is a very thorough and well-researched article. Emotional stress can trigger these types of headaches like you said. I do agree. I am prone to headaches and they usually feel like a throbbing pain accompanied by nausea but I don’t get them too often. I often wonder if this is a migrane or just a regular headache.

  9. Great Information…thanks dear….

  10. good information about migrain pain

  11. Excellent information.

  12. I have only ever had two and one was just the other day so so painful is the dreaded migraine./
    Thank you for your help here :)

  13. Great tips, kabayan.

  14. excellent and thanks for article

  15. Very informative and well-written. Thanks

  16. Yes, you write good one….!!!

  17. Thanks for this info. I do experience migraine and the doctor prescribed “DOLCET” and I find it effective because it takes away the pian in just minutes.

  18. Very informative. I’ll share this with my husband who suffers from migraine once in a while. Thanks for sharing!

  19. Thanks for the info!

  20. A very useful information shared. Thanks, kabayan.

  21. Migraines are awful! But this article is great! :)

    Thanks for all the advice. :)

  22. great share

  23. Great writing, Thanks you for sharing with us. Keep writing more….!!!

  24. Really informative n practical tips..
    Thanks :)

  25. Excellent article on migraine

  26. Good information. Thanks you.

  27. helpful tips! share ko nga sa sister ko.

  28. Very informative share :)

  29. Thanks for the info!!!

  30. well presented…cool tips

  31. This is good info and very helpful.

  32. That was a nice read. I’ll show this article to my mother-in-law who suffers from migrane.

  33. That was a nice read. I\’ll show this article to my mother-in-law who suffers from migrane.

  34. This a good article full of useful content. Your research has been done. I do know from suffering from migraines that your advice works very well. Thank you for sharing.

  35. Nice article, full of knowledge. Thanks

  36. good advice as I am really a migraine sufferer

  37. Thanks for the info, I get them all the time.

  38. informative. Thanks for sharing!

  39. I really have a bad headache today, looking to see what trigered it. Thanks for the info.Debmeyers

  40. Good details.

  41. great advice, i also posted some things that GREATLY helped me get rid of my migraines here:


  42. Great article! Thanks for sharing, I know I appreciate it! I get sinus headaches, so fortunately I have never had a migrane.

  43. Great article, thank man

  44. I am not an expert, but I share the experience, daily head bath at particular hours, applying the clean oil, proper sleep at the right time, listening to the soothing music, prayer and meditation without straining the mind, bearing satisfaction and inner joy…. these can be some to the complementary tips to manage.

  45. Thank you for this informative article. I did have a hunch as to what was causing my migraines and it’s — drum roll please — skipping meals. Yes, I frequently forget to eat, it’s hard being a human because I suck at it. Haha.

  46. Pain relievers can trigger an attack. Your article is very informative Melody. Thank you for sharing this.

  47. This was a very informative article about migraines. I will have to remember this article the next I feel a migraine coming on.

  48. great advice, Im willing too tr anything, I am right in the middle of the menopause and have been experiencing migraine for a couple of years thanks Kimberley

  49. Thank you for the great post!

  50. this is a wonderful article. thanks for sharing the info. It will help me a lot since I am a migraine sufferer.

  51. Another excellent and informative piece. Thanks!

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