While playing tag with other children today, my six year old ran through the fire pit. We had a cook out yesterday, and under about three inches of fine ash, there were still hot coals. She burnt the bottom of her left foot and the toes of her right foot. So, of course, I know how to treat a minor burn…
First one must know the degree of a burn and to recognize how serious the burn is.
A first degree burn involves only the top layer of skin.
***The signs and symptoms of a 1st degree burn include redness, swelling and pain. This is the most common type of burn and the least serious.
A Second degree burn involves both the top layer and second layer of skin.
***The signs and symptoms of a 2nd degree burn includes blisters, red, splotchy skin and severe pain with swelling. If a 2nd degree burn is less than 3 inches around, treat it as a minor burn.
If a 2nd degree burn involves the entire hand, foot or buttocks, seek immediate medical care. Also seek medical treatment if the burn is more than 3 inches around.
To treat Minor Burns run cool (tepid, not cold) water on the burn for 15 or 20 minutes until the pain subsides. If you can not run water on the burn, it is ok to submerse the area ( as we did for my daughter). If possible, while the area is being cooled in water, take over the counter pain relievers to help relieve the pain and swelling.
After running with cool water, losely wrap the burn in a bandage or gauze, do not use any ointments or creams and do not wrap tightly.
Minor burns usually do not reguire any further treatment, change the gauze frequently and watch for signs of infection. If you think that the burn may be infected, seek medical care!!
If the skin appears black or ashy, these are signs of a 3rd degree burn and they require immediate proffesional care, call 911 or your local fire/rescue.
My daughter is feeling ok for now, the pain has subsided…. there are some small blisters on the left foot, she asked me to take the wrap off her right foot, and it looks fine, a little red but no blisters. It is so sad, she keeps saying she is sorry for stepping in the pit, she knows she is not allowed to, and I keep saying I am sorry because we should have put water on it when we came in last night…..