Mirrored self-Misidentification is often identified as a delusional Misidentification syndrome. The condition is where a person holds a delusion belief that their reflection in the mirror is not their own, but another person, even a stranger that looks similar to them. Some people even believe that the other person is following them around. People who suffer with this form of rare behaviour are not delusion about anything else. Individuals will believe with absolute conviction that their delusional belief is true, despite overwhelming contrary evidence.
Mirrored self-Misidentification is considered to be a monothematic delusion, where the condition can be caused by schizophrenia or dementia, or it can be present without any signs of mental illness at all. When found in individuals without any form of mental illness, organic dysfunction is usually the explanation, from traumatic brain injury,stroke, or a neurological illness. Individuals who suffer this condition as a result as organic factors do not suffer from any obvious intellectual deficiencies and some even seem to be aware of their bizarre beliefs, yet cannot be persuaded that their beliefs are false.
It is believed that this condition is caused by a neurological defect. It is thought that patients may have sustained damage in the right hemisphere due to that part dealing with perception and expression and almost every aspect of emotional and social functioning. People who suffer this are usually split into one of two groups of potential dysfunctions that may lead a person to getting the disorder. Either a person has lost the ability to interact properly with mirrors, or the person has an impaired face perception and can no longer recognize their own face.
It is not fully understood how the syndrome can be overcome. Patients can undergo experiments in search to unravel more effective ways of to confront it. Patients can be hypnotised in order to explore the initial thoughts that may start the delusion. This method is used, as a long standing tradition as they both share many of the same characteristics, like the distortion of reality.
so, check out my other articles on similar delusional disorders