Nutritional Supplements for Diabetes

Diabetes is a chronic disease related to having abnormal values of glucose level in the blood. Learn about Nutritional Supplements to cope with diabetes.

According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases(NIDDK), 15.7 million Americans have diabetes. Not only that, 5.4 million people do not even know they have diabetes. There are many more that are in a pre-diabetes state.

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic disease related to having abnormal values of glucose level in the blood. The cause of this is the malfunctioning of the regulatory system that process sugars within the body. It usually involves production of low levels of the insulin hormone or a problem with the insulin produced. Complications with diabetes if untreated include: kidney malfunctioning, nerve degeneration, heart problems, and stroke. There are two types of diabetes: Type 1 or insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus and Type 2 or noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. In type 1 there is a problem with the production of insulin by the pancreas, while in type 2 a metabolic disorder does not produce enough, or properly use, insulin.


Nutritional Diabetic Supplements

A healthy, low-fat diet, rich in grains, fruits, and vegetables and exercise is essential to manage diabetes. However, people with diabetes may need additional nutritional supplement because of special nutritional needs. These are some of the most needed nutritional diabetic supplements:

Chromium and Magnesium

Since Diabetes patients have problems with insulin and chromium and magnesium have shown to be involved with insulin production and availability, patients with diabetes are often required to take these two minerals. Chromium is usually prescribed in the piccolinate form which renders it more bioavailable. For dosage it is best to ask your medical practitioner.


Everybody can benefit from antioxidants since they are substances that have the ability to trap free radicals, which are very damaging to cells and tissue. Research suggests that diabetics may have elevated levels of free radicals and lower levels of antioxidants.

What antioxidants are given to diabetics? Vitamin E, Selenium, and Zinc. These powerful antioxidants may help with diabetes symptoms and reduce the risk associated with this disease.

Other Nutritional Supplements for Diabetics

There are many herbs that are said to help diabetics. Often there is a lack of research that backs up these claims. However some, such as Aloe Vera, Fenugreek seeds (Trigonella foenum graecum) and American ginseng (Panax quinquefolium) have been tested in clinical studies. They have shown to help control and/or lower blood sugars level, an essential condition for controlling diabetes.



Whitaker, JM. 2001. Reversing Diabetes. Chapter 9. Nutritional Supplements for Diabetes. Grand Central Publishing. ISBN 9780446676588


Nutritional supplements for Diabetes

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