Reducing urine albumin.
The kidneys are bean-shaped, paired organs that lie below the rib cage on the back of each side of the spine. Although the kidneys perform a variety of functions that are essential for the proper functioning of our body, filtering wastes from the blood and eliminating them as urine, is undoubtedly one of the main functions of the kidneys. This is the reason, the analysis of urine can provide insight regarding the condition of the kidneys.
The kidneys remove toxins and metabolic waste, along with mineral salts and water that is in excess. If the urine contains substances that are normally reabsorbed into the blood and is not filtered, is indicative of kidney problems. The presence of albumin in the urine is also an indicator of kidney malfunction. Albumin is a protein that facilitates the retention of fluid in the blood, and under normal circumstances, should not pass through the glomeruli or the filters of the kidneys. Scroll down for information about the circumstances in which albumin may be present in urine together with information on how to reduce the albumin in the urine.
Why albumin passes through the glomerulus?
As mentioned above, the albumin is a serum protein found in blood plasma. It performs the vital function of regulating fluid volume and oncotic pressure of blood. Because albumin has a negative electrical charge, and is also large, a healthy kidney does not filter albumin as a loss. If the urine test revealed the presence of large amounts of albumin or another protein called immunoglobulin, one is diagnosed with proteinuria. Proteinuria refers to the presence of protein in the urine. In general, the protein can pass into the urine if the kidneys’ filters may be swollen or not functioning properly due to kidney disease or other medical conditions. Those suffering from hypertension or diabetes have an increased risk of traces of albumin in the urine (microalbuminuria). When albumin levels in urine are quite high, one is said to suffer from macroalbuminuria. Sometimes, high levels of albumin in the blood may also be responsible for the presence of albumin in the urine. Therefore, essential that the levels of albumin in blood plasma also monitored with urinary albumin. Under normal circumstances, levels of albumin in the urine should be between 0-8 mg / dl. If the results of urinalysis reveals high albumin in the urine, renal function should be tested and should take steps to return the albumin within the normal range.
How to reduce the albumin in the urine?
Now that you have a basic idea about the causes of high levels of albumin in the urine, we’ll find out about ways to reduce the levels of albumin in the urine. The traces of albumin in the urine can be detected with the aid of a diagnostic test called urine microalbumin test. If albumin is present in the urine, other tests should be carried out to determine renal function. Here are some tips that can help in reducing urinary albumin levels.
Keeping blood glucose levels: As mentioned above, diabetes puts certainly a higher risk of kidney problems. Therefore, essential that the levels of blood sugar be monitored at regular intervals. Those with a family history of disease must be very cautious. The traces of albumin in the urine is one of the most common early symptoms of kidney disease in diabetics. high blood glucose levels are required to have an adverse impact on the filtering mechanism of the kidneys, thus, proteins can pass into the urine. foamy urine and fluid retention are some of the symptoms that may occur due to kidney problems. The best way to treat this condition is to reduce levels of blood glucose to normal. changes in insulin therapy, drug therapy and diet can certainly help in normalizing blood sugar levels in the blood.
Low blood pressure: Hypertension is another condition worsens renal function and if left untreated, could even lead to kidney failure. This is the reason, blood pressure should be controlled. Drug therapy along with lifestyle changes related can certainly help reduce blood pressure. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, blockers, angiotensin receptor blockers, diuretics or calcium channel are among the drugs recommended for treatment of hypertension. As for diet-related changes are concerned, one can certainly benefit from the reduced intake of processed foods. Also should reduce salt intake and refrain from eating fried or fatty foods. Being physically active also lowers blood pressure and promote good health.
This was a brief description on how to reduce the albumin in the urine. The presence of albumin in the urine can sometimes be attributed to high levels of albumin in the blood, but in general, albumin in urine is an indicator of kidney problems. Heart problems, hypertension, diabetes, kidney infections, urinary tract infection, dehydration, lupus erythematosus, amyloidosis, multiple myeloma or liver disease may also hinder the filtering mechanism of the kidneys. Therefore, essential to a complete medical checkup to determine the underlying cause of the proteinuria and prompt treatment. If the levels of albumin in the urine is beyond normal limits, the tests are conducted at regular intervals to analyze the renal function. If caught early, drug treatment and lifestyle changes related may help slow the progression of renal disease.