Do you know that weirdest stone can grow in human body? What?! This sounds odd! You may hardly accept the fact of the arrival of the “new stone” in the body. You may not believe me, but this is a fact. Our body has become an ideal and favorable “breeding ground” for “weirdest stones” particularly in the bladder, kidney, liver and urinary tract. If these stones stay longer in our body, they may trigger our health problem and their existence may even life-threatening if immediate medical treatment is not given.
Salivary Gland Calculi (Sialolithiasis)
The formation of non-cancerous stone (calcium-rich crystallized mineral or calculi) in the salivary gland (secrete saliva to help moisten and digest food) or duct (which drains the salivary gland), is medically termed as salivary gland calculi or sialolithiasis. Typically, approximately 80 to 90% of stone formation occurs in the submandibular gland (refers to angle of jaw, and the stone formation occurs here can obstruct Wharton’s duct), while 10 to 20% in the parotid gland duct (Stensen’s duct).
Most of the stone formations are due to the factors of anatomical factors (uphill course of whartons duct), viscosity of saliva (more mucous in the submandibular gland) and pH of saliva (alkaline in the submandibular gland, while acidic in the parotid gland). Very often, stone formation occurs in middle-aged males or those who age 30 to 50 years old but they’re rarely seen among children. The stone may result in painful swelling and discomfort of the gland particularly with eating, trauma and inflammation, swollen and red salivary glands which are connected to the mouth via ducts, and higher risk of salivary gland infections (such as infections from streptococcus viridians, haemophilus influenza, staphylococcus aureus, streptococcus pneumoniae), increased levels of calcium, and/or dehydration (phenothiazines).
Tonsil Stones (Tonsilloliths)
Tonsil stones or tonsilloliths refer to irregularly shaped, yellow/whitish, foul-smelling globs of mucus and bacteria in the back of your throat, which can sometimes be a chronic oral problem. They’re primarily seen in adults than in children. Larger tonsilloliths can be extremely annoying since they cause horrendous halitosis (or bad breath) which of course, can become a nightmare to meet or greet people. Smaller tonsilloliths generally cause no symptom, but the larger one can result in sore throat, a bad taste (sometimes a metallic taste) in the back of the throat, tonsil swelling, otalgia (ear pain), and difficulty in swallowing, throat closing or tightening, and choking.