Excessive exposure to the sun’s ultraviolet rays (UV) can cause severe sunburn and can be dangerous.
Excessive exposure to the sun’s ultraviolet rays (UV) can cause severe sunburn, the likelihood of which is attributable to geographical location, time and atmospheric conditions. There are two types of ultraviolet rays, namely, ultraviolet A (UVA) and ultraviolet B (UVB), both of which can be dangerous. Generally, UVA rays attack the underlying layers of the skin, whereas UVB rays attack the outer layers of the skin. Both burns are classified in the category of first degree burns.
First Degree Burn: The skin becomes red, warm and tender to the touch. Depending on the severity of the burn and the skin type of the individual, the burn may gradually “cool” and change to a suntan, or peel off.
Second degree Burn: This kind of burn can be more serious. Generally, the skin reddens, swells, with pain and blisters, which is a sign that the burn is deeper than usual, causing damage and release of fluids from cells in the lower layers of the skin, resulting in eruptions and skin breaks that invite bacterial infections. When the burn is extremely severe, the possibility of experiencing episodes of delirium, accompanied by chills, fever, nausea, should not be dismissed.
Generally, fair-skinned people are more susceptible to sunburns, but regardless of the color of the skin, excessive exposure to ultraviolet rays can burn the skin. Symptoms do not appear while you are still in the sun, but are manifested one to twenty-four hours after the exposure, becoming severe within a couple of days.
Nowadays, sun exposure is causing increasing concern, attributed to the decline in the earth’s ozone layer, thus preventing screening out the most harmful ultraviolet rays. There is also an increase in the incidence of skin cancer.
1) Eat foods that are high in protein to facilitate tissue repair, as well as fruits and vegetables as a source of vitamins and minerals.
2) Drink plenty of fluids in order to prevent dehydration.
3) Use cool water compresses or cold clay poultices to relieve pain.
4) Avoid exposure to the ultraviolet rays of the sun.
5) Prior to total healing, try to avoid spending time outdoors, between 10:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m.
6) Wear a sun hat and sunglasses.
7) Use sunscreen.
8) In the event the burn is severe, have your doctor prescribe an anti-inflammatory agent for pain relief.
Finally, use common sense after your first experience by avoiding exposure to the sun’s ultraviolet rays.