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Swine Flu (H1n1)

About swine flu or H1N1.

Swine Flu (H1N1)

Flu H1N1 or better known as swine flu, is a respiratory infection caused by influenza viruses that are found in the spring of 2009. In these viruses contained genetic material from human influenza viruses, swine and birds. 

Technically, the term means the swine flu influenza in pigs. Sometimes pigs transmit the virus in humans, generally the workers at the abattoir pigs or pig farmers. The most common is someone who is infected will pass it on to others. You can not get this swine flu from eating pork. 

H1N1 flu can spread quickly and easily. In June 2009, when the infection spread across most parts of the world, World Health Organization declared the global pandemic of H1N1 flu. 

SYMPTOMS 
Swine flu symptoms in humans similar to other influenza infection symptoms: 
• Fever 
• Coughing 
• Sore throat 
• Not feeling well 
• Shivering 
• Tired 
• Diarrhea 
• Vomiting 

Swine flu symptoms occur within three to five days after you are infected with the virus and continued until eight days, beginning one day before you are sick and continue until you recover. 

Causes & Risk Factors 
Cause 

Influenza virus infects the cells lining the nose, throat and lungs. The virus enters the body when you breathe contaminated air or exposed to live virus from contaminated surfaces to the eyes, nose or mouth. 

Risk Factors 

Since the H1N1 virus is new, everyone is at risk. Health care workers involved directly handle a patient has specific risk of the H1N1 flu. Students and students in school or daycare also has a high risk. Children are susceptible to the virus while at school or while hanging out with friends. 

Prevention 

Vaccines have been developed to prevent the flu. The vaccine is recommended for: 
• Pregnant women 
• Caretakers of children aged less than 6 months 
• Health care providers 
• Infants, children and adolescents from 6 months to 18 years 
• Adults from age 19 to 24 years for many spent time working and traveling. 
• Those aged 25 and over as vulnerable to medical complications. 

Actions that can help prevent the flu and limit its spread are: 
• Stay home if you are sick to avoid transmission to others. 
• Wash your hands properly and often 
• Avoid contact of the crowd if possible 
• Reduce contact with those who are sick

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