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Types of Autoimmune Arthritis, Part One

Autoimmune arthritis is a form of arthritis which is caused by abnormalities in the immune system which lead the body to start attacking its own joints and connective tissue. Numerous different forms of arthritis are recognized, and many of these are autoimmune in nature.

Autoimmune arthritis is a form of arthritis which is caused by abnormalities in the immune system which lead the body to start attacking its own joints and connective tissue. Numerous different forms of arthritis are recognized, and many of these are autoimmune in nature.

Sjogren’s Syndrome, while often defined as a glandular autoimmune disease, also affects the joints in over 90% of all patients, which is why it is classified it as an Autoimmune Arthritis. Although it is sometimes a secondary disease to other Autoimmune Arthritis conditions, such as Rheumatoid Arthritis or Systemic Lupus, it also presents itself as a primary disease.

Psoriatic arthritis is a chronic disease characterized by inflammation of the skin and joints. Psoriasis is a common skin condition affecting 2% of the Caucasian population in the United States. It features patchy, raised, red areas of skin inflammation with scaling. Psoriasis often affects the tips of the elbows and knees, the scalp, the navel, and around the genital areas or anus.

Lupus is an autoimmune disease characterized by acute and chronic inflammation of various tissues of the body. Patients with lupus produce abnormal antibodies in their blood that target tissues within their own body rather than foreign infectious agents. Because the antibodies and accompanying cells of inflammation can affect tissues anywhere in the body, lupus has the potential to affect a variety of areas.

Ankylosing spondylitis is a systemic disease that causes ongoing joint inflammation primarily affecting the spine, however, it often causes inflammation in other joints away from the spine, as well as organs, such as the eyes, heart, lungs, and kidneys. In the most advanced cases, but not in all cases, this inflammation can lead to spine fusion.

Click here to see a list and explanation of other autoimmune arthritis diseases.

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