Kidney failure is a chronic disease. What does we understand about the disease? Read more to know.
Kidney failure is a serious condition which the kidney fail to rid the waste from our body. Kidney failure is the final stage of chronic kidney disease (CKD).
The most common cause of the kidney failure is diabetes. Diabetes accounted for 58% of new cases of kidney failure. Even when the diabetes is still controlled and manageable, it also can lead to CKD and kidney failure. While diabetes is a major contributor to kidney failure, most people do not develop CKD that is severe enough to progress to kidney failure.
Scientist have yet to be able to explain the fully interplay of factors that lead to kidney failure of diabetes-factor including heredity, diet and other medical conditions such as high blood pressure. From their study, they found out that high blood pressure and high levels of blood glucose increase the risks of getting kidney failure.
Development Of Kidney Disease
Diabetic kidney disease takes many years to develop. In some people the filtering function of the kidneys is actually higher than normal in the first few years of their diabetes.
It take several years for a people developing kidney disease will have small amount of the blood protein albumin begin to leak into their urine. This is the first stage of CKD and known as microalbuminuria. During this period, the kidneys filtration function remains normal.
More albumin will leak into urine as the disease progress. At this stage it was known as macroalbuminuria or proteinuria. As the amount of albumin increase, the kidney filtering fuction starts to deteriorate. As the filtration falls, the body retains various wastes.This is when the kidney damages start to develop and it often cause the blood pressure to rise as well.
Kidney failure rarely occurs in the first 10 years of diabetes. It all starts from 15 to 25 years and above. But for people who live with diabetes for more than 25 years without any sign of kidney failure will have their risk of developing it decrease.
Relation With High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure or hypertension is known as the major cause of development of kidney failure. Both family history of hypertension and the presence of hypertension did have the potential to increase the chances of developing kidney disease. Hypertension also accelerates the progress of kidney disease when it already exists.
Hypertension also can be the resultant from kidney failure. As kidney disease progress, physical change in the kidneys lead to increased of blood pressure. Because of this, a s dangerous spiral involving rising blood pressure and factors that raise blood pressure occurs. To prevent this from happening, it is very important for early detection and treatment of even a mild hypertension for people with diabetes.
Kidney Failure Treatment
Once people with diabetes experiencing kidney failure, they must undergo either dialysis or a kidney transplant. Previously like in the year 1970s, the medical expert didn’t want to do dialysis and kidney transplant to diabetes because they felt the damage caused by diabetes would offset the benefits of the treatment.
As the medical technology getting better, doctor didn’t hesitate to offer dialysis and kidney transplant to diabetic patient. The surviving rates for diabetic patient are about the same with people without diabetes.