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Effects of Social Exclusion and Discrimination Against Disabled

This article exposes the effects of social exclusion and discrimination against disabled. It also descibes the International organisation that addresses their plight. It further challenges us to change our attitude and perspectives towards disabled.

Due to that inequality and exclusion the individual develops psychological problems. These people become withdrawn and isolate themselves from other people. They become lonely. To the family members the people withdisability are viewed as burden. The family suffers psychological problems as they adjust themselves on how to support those individuals. This is so because the members incur expenses to maintain them whereas the disabled may not be able to contribute much. Family become isolated due to having one of their member disabled in addition to their limited income the disabled incur high medical expense. The family members with disabled develop some negative behavior to the disabled. These behaviors include over-protection, pity and prejudice. To the community the disabled people are also viewed as a burden especially when they revert to borrowing on the street.

The institution of marriage attracts some benefits that are formulated into policies depending on the country. Since those born with disability have low chances of getting married they do not enjoy the benefits. In some countries the married enjoy tax exception or tax subsidization. Marriage also earns some people citizenship of the countries where their spouses come from. There are also some countries where the married receive monthly goodies or cash to supplement their families. Tax policies sometimes fail to consider disabled who are treated the same as their non-disabled counterparts in taxation.

Labor market exerts some impacts on people with disability.The labor markets is characterized withjob application, recruitment, number of hours to be worked, salary or wage paid, salary or wage increase, training among others. From the initial stages, people withdisability experience problems when filling job application forms. During the interview session they are also faced withmore trouble especially social stigma by the panel interviewing. The panel also has negative perception and attitude towards them. Compared to the non-disabled research has shown  that disabled worked few accumulated hours annually, this mostly occurs due to time spent in medical clinics and the time they leave work earlier than the rest. Some other employers will most likely employ them part time than full time. The disabled have more work related stress and stress from their daily lives. The disabled earn less than their non-disabled counterparts, the employer see them as less productive. Their pay rise is low or none at all. Any opportunity to train workers by the employer is more likely to be awarded to the non-disabled than to disabled. Some nations have introduced waiver on people withdisability earning low income to lower the tax they pay. Some organizations offer advice and support to people with disability to help them cope in the labor market.

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