The social structure includes the properties of the relationship between individuals in the group and the relationship between the individual and the group.
Mobility comes from the word mobilis, which means easy mobility or easily moved. Social mobility is a mobility within the social structure, that certain patterns that govern the organization of a social group. The social structure includes the properties of the relationship between individuals in the group and the relationship between the individual and the group.
Social mobility involves three main points as follows.
Changes in social class, either upward or downward.
Experienced by humans as individuals and groups.
Social impacts occur on newly acquired social class of individuals or groups.
Thus, social mobility is a change or shift social class either up mapun down, which is experienced by individuals or social groups, thus giving the effect obtained in the form of a new class of individuals or groups earlier.
There are several types of social mobility is there in society, is as follows
A. Social mobility by Type
a. Vertical mobility
vertical social mobility is the movement of people or objects from one social position to another social position are not equal. So the movement is vertical from top to bottom or from bottom to top
b. Horizontal social mobility
Horizontal social mobility is the transition of individuals or social groups from one social group to social group equals.
c. Lateral social mobility
Lateral social mobility is also called geographic mobility. Lateral mobility refers to mobility flows of people, both individually and collectively, of the territorial units (space) one region to another unit that does not directly alter a person’s social status.
d. Structural mobility
According to bassist, structural mobility is mobility caused by technological innovation, urbanization, economic growth, war, and other events that alter the structure and types of groups in society.
2. Mobility Based on Scope
a. Mobility intragenerasi
intragenerasi mobility is social mobility experienced by a person during his lifetime (in one generation) or by history of his life.
b. Intergenerational mobility
Intergenerational social mobility is the mobility that occurs between two or more generations. Such mobility is due to the change in social status between fathers with children, children with grandchildren, and so on. Intergenerational mobility refers to the difference in the achieved status of someone who has had his own family than social statsu owned by his parents.
There are several factors driving social mobility among others.
A. Social status
Every human being is a hierarchy of entitled to vote or change the social status they have received since birth. But this is highly dependent on social startifikasi system contained within the community. On the coating system is open, the individual has a great chance to make social mobility between classes.