Headaches and Mental Disorders

Headache is the most common complaint experienced by many people. A wide variety of drugs offered by pharmaceutical companies to overcome the headache, from the counter drugs until the drugs that should use prescription of doctors.

Headaches are most often experienced by individuals are tension-type headache and migraine. Both of these types of headaches in many literatures have a close relationship with the stress and some psychiatric disorders such as anxiety and depression.

Tension Headache

This type of headache is a type of headache is the most widely experienced by adults, some people say this as headaches because of stress. Tension-type headaches usually occur periodically or daily. Episodically appear at least 15 times a month and is said to chronicle if it appears more than 15 times a month. This type of headache is described as a kind of pain in the form of tension like head tied, tight, or a sense of pressure on back of the head to the neck. This condition can last approximately 30 minutes to several days. Tension headache usually lasts a gradual and occurs in the middle of the day. One to keep in mind that this type of headache do not interfere with vision and balance sufferer. The incidence of this type of headache in the United States for the conditions that not chronic around 30-80% of the population. While the ongoing chronic ranged between 3%. Women often experience this type of headache than men. The cause is usually very multifactorial and not in touch with family heredity. In some people the condition of tension-type headache is caused due to tension the head, neck and back caused by: posture is not good, not quite istrirahat, psychological stress including depression, lack of sleep, anxiety, fatigue, and hunger. The cause is related with stress including environmental stress and personal relationships with other people.


Migraine is a second type of headache that often experienced of patients. Although headaches on one side are not always called migraine. Migraine is a severe headache on one side or both sides of the head. Usually the pain is located around your temples or behind one eye or ear. Migraines can cause nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light and sound. This condition can last from several hours to several days. Classic migraine can be started from the existing visual symptoms such as flashing lights 10 to 30 minutes before the attack or loss of sight. Common migraine can occur without symptoms. The relationship between migraine and psychiatric disorders such as depression and anxiety are often reported in various studies. Anxiety disorders and depression often experienced by patients who experience migraine. Chronic migraine often experienced by anxiety disorders patients. Anxiety disorder patients and panic disorder also frequently reported experience migraine as one of their symptoms. The report said 11 percent of patients complained of migraines experienced psychiatric disorders like anxiety disorders and depression.


Painkillers are often prescribed for headache patients. Some of these drugs can be found in drugstore because sold freely. If the pain medication does not work well usually given additional medication to relax the muscles. Some antidepressant drugs also has anti-pain are usually prescribed by doctors to patients. One thing that is important is the use of anti-pain medication on long time can eliminate the effects of therapy. For that physicians and patients should understand the trigger maybe in this case is personal and environmental stress. Stress factors associated with the occurrence of tension and migraine headache could make the therapy is hampered if only focus on pain medication alone. Moreover, if mental disorders such as depression and anxiety manifest depicted as one who started the headache disorder so do not hesitate to get in touch with a psychiatrist for this problem.

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