Interventions with rationale for the nursing diagnosis of Hypovolemia.
A patient with risk for hypovolemia may suffer from internal or external fluid loss, whether it be blood loss, fluid loss or inadequate intake of fluids. This can be evidenced by lowered blood counts, constant bleeding, internal bleeding, cancer or self neglect as well as many other factors.
For a patient in the hospital at risk for hypovolemia several interventions can be taken to help promote hydration and prevent hypovolemia and shock.
Monitor input and output strictly – Rationale: Monitoring input and output keeps good track of fluids and is the easiest way to prevent hypovolemia from developing.
Increase Fluid intake by encouraging fluids on the patient or through IV therapy in the NPO patient. – Rationale: Inceased fluids can not cause damage equal to that of decreased fluids. Continue to monitor intake and output to prevent other complications.
Ensure a clear path to the bathroom. – This prevents secondary problems and falls related to a patient hurrying to get to the bathroom to void.