What are the devices for proper positioning?
Here is a list of devices that can be used for proper positioning in hospitals:
Bed boards are plywood boards that are placed under the entire surface of the mattress. These are useful for providing back support and body alignment particulary for soft mattresses.
Foot boards are placed perpendicular to the mattress. It touches the plantar surfaces of the patient’s feet to prevent footdrop.
Foot boots maintain the dorsiflexion of the feet. It should be removed 2-3 times a day to assess the skin integrity and joint mobility.
Hand rolls maintain the thumb slightly adducted. They also maintain the slightly flexed position of the fingers.
Hand-wrist splints are specially molded for specific clients to maintain thumb in slight adduction and wrist in slight dorsiflexion.
Pillows provide support, raise or elevate body parts and can be used for splinting incision site.
Sandbags are used to support and maintain body contours. It can also immobilize extremities and maintain specific body alignment.
Side sails ensure that the clients remain safe and are free of falling off the bed.
Trapeze bar allows client to use their arms in raising their trunk off the bed.
Trochanter rolls prevent the external rotation of the legs while the patient is in supine position.
Wedge pillow is also known as abductor pillow and triangular pillow. It is used to maintain the leg in abduction after total hip replacement surgery.