Information about Adderall, the "study drug", including its uses and side affects.
Adderall is comprised of a mix of Amphetamine Salts, and when ingested, the drug “block(s) the reuptake of norepinephrine and dopamine into the presynaptic neuron and increase the release of these monoamines into the extraneuronal space” (Rxlist.com). It is a stimulant that is often used as a major component in the treatment of ADHD, but has also been used to treat Narcolepsy (rxlist.com). Adderall has been dubbed the “study drug” due to its use and abuse among students. Students will use Adderall to stay up late to study or work on a paper, but it is also used for other purposes. Some will take it before going out at night to help keep them up, and some claim Adderall allows them to drink more (Meyers). As a student, I can attest to its value on college campuses. Not surprisingly, it is often sought after during finals.
With numerous side affects and health risks, Adderall can be a dangerous drug, especially when taking a dose different than what was prescribed, or taking the drug without a prescription. Cardiovascular risks include palpitations, elevation of blood pressure, sudden death, myocardial infarction, and in rare cases, cardiomyopathy (rxlist.com). Possible effects on the central nervous system include psychotic episodes, overstimulation, restlessness, dizziness, insomnia, euophoria, dyskinesia, dysphoria, depression, tremor, headache, tics, Tourette’s syndrome, seizures, and stroke (rxlist.com). Other side effects include dryness of the mouth, unpleasant taste, diarrhea, constipation, anorexia and weight loss, urticaria, rash, hypersensitivity, and serious skin rashes (rxlist.com).
Adderall has a high possibility for abuse. It can be addictive, and those taking Adderall are sometimes prone to upping their doses themselves because they eventually build up a tolerance (rxlist.com). In addition, subjects going off of an overly high dose of Aderall experience withrdawl; “Abrupt cessation following prolonged high dosage administration results in extreme fatigue and mental depression; changes are also noted on the sleep EEG” (rxlist.com). This can create problems, because one way to make up for the fatigue would be to take more Adderall.
Although Adderall is prescribed legally, it is illegal to take it without a prescription. Only a doctor or psychiatrist can prescribe Adderall. There have been cases of persons prescribed Adderall that illegally sell it to others, this is common in places like college campuses (Meyers). According to rxlist.com: “Adderall is a federally controlled substance (CII) because it can be abused or lead to dependence. Selling or giving away Adderall may harm others and is against the law”.
Adderall’s active chemicals are Amphetamines, which can also be found in drugs such as speed and Meth. Amphetamines could be used for other things besides treating Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) and Narcolepsy, if it was deemed pertinent by a physician there are other ailments and disorders that Adderall could likely aid in, such as perhaps dangerously low blood pressure. A person could feasibly take Adderall or other types of Amphetamines for all types of activities that require the participant to be alert, active, attentive and awake, which could include any number of things.