Psy/450 Psychological Disorder Paper- OCD

Prepare a 700- to 1,050-word paper in which you examine your selected psychological disorder. As a part of your examination, be sure to discuss the relationship between human development and socialization and how this relationship affects your selected psychological disorder.

Psychological Disorder Paper

Obsessive-Compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental condition in which a person has unwanted and repetitive anxiety.  He or she has trained himself or herself to perform daily rituals to reduce the anxiety. OCD affects people of all ages and cultures. The different cultures decide how OCD is seen and how people diagnosed with it are treated. Human development and socialization are both affected by the diagnosis. A person with OCD has a harder time in school and around his or her peers. Cognitive behavioral therapy can be used on a person with OCD in order to retrain the person’s brain to accept anxiety-producing thoughts as nothing more than thoughts.

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Overview

OCD is in the anxiety disorder family. It is defined as a disease that is manifested as recurrent and persistent thoughts and impulses (Shiraev & Levy, 2010). A person has high anxiety over certain situations and as such his or her obsessions give way to repetitive behavior known as compulsions. The person diagnosed with obsessive-compulsive disorder is acutely aware of his or her unwanted obsessions yet is unable to get control on his or her anxiety making it impossible to stop performing the compulsions. The person’s obsessions are so prevalent that even when performed it only provides a small amount of relief before the anxiety begins to set in once again. Individuals with obsessive-compulsive disorder can rationalize their behavior; nevertheless, these rationalizations do not pertain to the individual’s total performance but to each compulsion separately. One example, an individual compulsively walking by the front door may make a case that the stress and time taken caused by him or her checking the front door one more time is greatly less than the stress and time related with the house being broken into, and as such checking the front door often is the superior choice. There are multiple variations of compulsions and obsessions. Excessive hand washing is one example of a person’s extreme fear of germs and his or her compulsion to get rid of them.  

Obsessive-compulsive disorder is actually more common than once thought, though if a person were to develop the disorder he or she would show symptoms by the time he or she is 30 years old.  Doctors have come up with multiple theories of why people develop obsessive-compulsive disorder; brain abnormalities, TBI, and infections are just a few of the many. A more comprehensive assessment of obsessive-compulsive disorder should take into explanation the multifaceted interaction between human development and socialization in a person’s background.  This knowledge will help us to how this association affects those existing with the symptoms.

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