Factors that affect the nutritional status as food consumption, infectious diseases, and socioeconomic factors.
Food Consumption Factors and Infectious Diseases
Consumption of food and infectious diseases are less qualified nutrition is a major factor influencing the growth and nutritional status. Chronic malnutrition in childhood will appear as a result of the growth in the next years if not immediately addressed (Soekirman, 1999).
Many factors affect a person’s nutritional status, either directly or indirect influence. One of the factors that influence nutritional status, especially of children under five are nutrient intake from food consumption (Soekirman, 1999).
Factor Income Level
Income levels also determine what diet is purchased with money (economic and purchasing power). If income increases, expenditures for food also increased. Thus, income is a factor that determines the quality and the quality of food which in turn will affect the nutritional status (Alan Berg and Sayogya, 1986).
The higher the income the greater portion of the calories from food sources in terms of both animal protein and vegetable sources in the high-income group (Rachman, et al, 1980). Conversely, the weaker or low incomes will be more ugly the fulfillment of nutrition.
Availability Factor of Food
The fundamental causes of nutritional problems in at least two-thirds of the world is lacking sufficient food for normal growth, health, and normal activities. Less food insufficiency associated with food availability in the family. The unavailability of food in the family that occur continuously will cause malnutrition disease (Winarto, 1990)