What is ovulation?
When a ovary releases one or more eggs this is ovulation. It is classed as the most fertile time of your menstrual cycle. Every month inside the ovaries 15-20 eggs will mature. The ripest egg is then released into the pelvic cavity and swept into the fallopian tube.
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What role does ovulation take when you are pregnant.
When you get pregnant a egg and sperm have met in the fallopian tube before the egg has died. An egg survives no more than 24 hours ovulation, unless it has been fertilised by a sperm.
However the sperm can survive a lot longer within the genital tract for up to 7 days. The sperm with the best motility are produced when a man ejaculates every 3 to 4 days on average.
So in theory you don’t have to time sex to the exact moment of ovulation but of about 4 to 5 days when live, healthy sperm could meet a ovulated egg.
When am I most fertile?
If you have a 28 day cycle the first day of your period is called day 1 and then ovulation will usually happen on day 13 to 15. As women’s menstrual varies between 23 and 35 days then it can occur either earlier or later in you cycle.
So looking for and paying attention to your body and you will eventually learn to spot when ovulation is imminent. You could try using a ovulation calendar to find out when your most fertile times will be, for this you will need to know when the first day of your last period was and how long your cycle is.
Signs and symptoms of ovulation.
Start to familiarise yourself with hormonal and physical changes that take place each month and record them in your diary or calendar each month. Some of things you need to look for are;
- Cervical mucus – There has been studies taken that have proved monitoring changes in he cervical mucus is a accurate way for women to predict their most fertile days. Throughout your cycle your cervical mucus will increase in volume and change in texture. When you have increased mucus and it changes in texture this is because your body’s rising levels of the hormone oestrogen and shows that you will be close to ovulating. When you are most fertile your mucus will become to look a bit like egg white where it is clear, slippery and stretchy. This will nourish, protect and speed the sperm up through the uterus and in to the fallopian to meet the egg.
- Position of cervix – You can check the position of cervix by first washing your hands and stick a finger or 2 inside your vagina to feel the cervix. When you are not fertile your cervix will be hard and not open. It will feel like the end of your nose. When you ovulate the cervix is easier to reach and feel softer and will be slightly open in order to receive the sperm. At this time it will feel more like your ear lobe.
- Lower abdominal pain- This can be a mild achiness to twinges of pain and only about 1/5 of women will actually feel this ovulation. This condition is called mittelschmeiz and may last from a couple of minutes to a few hours. As soon as you get this pain which can also be described “one sided back ache” note the date down and check the condition of your mucus, so you can compare each month.
- Temperature – By tracking your temperature on a chart you can look at when your basal body temperature shifts downwards and then suddenly spikes upwards. When it goes up is a sign that you have ovulated but this will mean taking your temperature everyday.
- Breast tenderness – Some people will notice that there breasts feel tender but you will need to note this down as you also get breast tenderness when you are about to come on your period and also when you are pregnant.
- Ovulation prediction kits- This involves purchases test kits from the shop. They measure the LH in your urine and when you have a surge it shows on the kit that you are ovulating.
- Feeling sexy and flirty – Through a study it has shown that when you are most fertile you get a increased libido, better mood and feel more sociable.
- Physically attractive – You may feel that you want to take more care over your appearance and feel more physically attractive.
- Scent- I is believed from a study that you smell more attractive to a man when you are going through your ovulatory phase but may be it is because you are taking more care of your appearance!!!
Please take a look at my other article on trying to conceive http://healthmad.com/women/trying-to-conceive-2/