Diabetes Mellitus is a condition in which the amount of glucose in the blood is too high. Normally, insulin, a hormone produced in the pancreas, enables the body to turn blood glucose into immediate energy or to store it in cells. But if insufficient insulin is produced, or if it does not work properly (insulin resistance), the glucose remains trapped in the blood, causing damage to blood vessels, nerves and tissues.
In less than 7% of the diabetics, the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas are destroyed. Sufferers of this form, Type-1 diabetes, will die unless they get their daily dose of insulin injections. However, a majority of the diabetics suffer from Type-2 diabetes, where insulin is produced but in small amount, not enough to use and store glucose satisfactorily.
The Deadly Effects of Uncontrolled Blood Sugar:
Uncontrolled blood glucose leads to a catalogue of ailments, including heart attacks and strokes, which kill up to 70% of the diabetics. In fact, diabetes increases the risk of heart disease two- to four-fold.
As a result of nerve damage, known as peripheral neuropathy, wounds and infections are hard to heal, and chronic foot ulcers and amputations more likely.
In some diabetic men, especially those suffering for several years, nerve and vascular damage leads to impotence.
Diabetes may also affect the small blood vessels of the retina causing retinopathy, a disease that leads to blindness.
The Ten Warning Signs That Should Send You to Your Doctor:
The serious effects of the uncontrolled blood sugar make it vital to spot the disease earlier than we actually do. This is not easy, as most of us don’t know the warning signs of diabetes. Here’s a list of ten warning signs of this deadly disease:
1. Abnormal, Intense Thirst.
2. Frequent Urination.
3. Extreme Hunger.
4. Sudden, Unexplained Weight-Loss.
5. Slow-Healing Cuts, Bruises, or Skin-Infections.
6. Recurrent Infections.
7. Blurred Vision.
8. Unexplained Weakness and Extreme Exhaustion.
9. Genital Itching or Impotence.
10. Sweet-Smelling Breath.
If you notice any of these symptoms, rush to your doctor at once. Early diagnosis and treatment can save you from the dangerous repercussions of this disease.