When taking a closer look at the cerebrum, you can see that it is divided into four lobes. It is also sectioned into two halves, and these are linked by something called the corpus callous – this is what passes the messages between the two different halves of the organ.
Bizarrely, the right side of the brain – cerebrum – controls the left side of the body, and the left side of the brain controls the right side of the body.
It’s called the frontal lobe, and that’s just where it is – right at the front of your brain, your forehead. This part of the cerebrum controls a number of your functions, including:
- Problem solving
You can divide the frontal lobe further into three more sections – the motor area, the premotor area, and the prefrontal cortex.
Situated towards the back of the brain, the parietal lobe is found right behind the frontal lobe. This part of the brain is important for the following functions:
- Language functions (some, not all)
Found behind the temples, the temporal lobe is found on either side of your head. There are many functions controlled by this area of the cerebrum, and these include:
- Auditory processes
- Language functions
There are two further parts of the brain, alongside the cerebrum, and these further parts are found in the cranium – lower on in the skull. You will find the brain stem here, and the cerebellum.
The brain stem is quite a complex little part of your brain, made up of various other parts – the medulla oblongata, the midbrain, and the pons. The are important for the homeostasis processes, and can also be in charge of movement, especially the limbs. It also controls various other important functions – alertness and sleeping, blood pressure, temperature, breathing and heart rate. If you suffer with an injury to the brain stem, it can result in death because of the major bodily functions it controls.
The cerebellum only amounts for about ten percent of your brain matter, and it is the smallest part of it also. Despite this, it is also home to more neurons than any other part. Your movement and balance is controlled here, alongside motor learning and timing, reflexes and posture.