Central Venous Pressure

Central Venous Pressure (CVP)

Central Venous Pressure

Central Venous Pressure (CVP) is the measure of pressure in the vena cava near the right atrium. Central venous pressure is the force that pushes blood into your body’s deep veins. It does this by filling two thirds of all major vein systems, including those found in both arms and legs, as well as other areas like neck or forehead.

What is The Normal Central Venous Pressure?

The normal central venous pressure is 8 to 12 mmHg. It’s altered by volume status and/or venous compliance, but it can also change depending on your general or current condition.

What Happens if CVP is High?

When CVP is high, it can impede venous return to the heart and disturb microcirculatory blood flow which may harm organ function. This could lead you into a poor prognosis or even increase mortality rates.

What Causes High CVP?

High CVP can be caused by any of the following: overhydration, heart failure or PA stenosis. With the most common being overhydration, meaning when there is too much fluid in the blood. The most common cause of this condition, which can be seen with heart failure or PA stenosis (which block blood flow), leads to venous congestion and an increase on your pressure level.

How do You Reduce CVP?

One of the most commonly used methods to reduce CVP is by restricting fluids in an effort to keep blood volume at a minimum. Maintaining CVP ≤5 mmHg is simple and effective to reduce loss of blood and can help prevent complications from occurring.

Is Right Atrial Pressure the Same As CVP?

CVP and RAP are both known as “atrile pressure.” The only difference between them is that one measures the force pushing blood into your heart’s left ventricles, while another measured how much space there was inside those same chambers.

Central Venous Pressure (CVP)

Is Central Venous Pressure Used Today?

The central venous pressure remains one most frequently used variables that clinicians rely on when managing fluids during an emergency situation. Central Venous Pressure (CVP) is a measurement of pressure in the vena cava near your right atrium. It’s used as an indicator for fluid resuscitation and has been shown to be accurate when predicting outcomes like death or liver injury.

Internet Addiction Disorder

Internet Addiction Disorder

Internet Addiction Disorder

Internet Addiction Disorder (AID)

Internet Addition Disorder (IAD) is know for people who are addicted to the internet may experience symptoms of mental illness, such as reduced impulse control and increased stress levels. They can become so wrapped up in their digital lives that it impacts other aspects for them like school work or social interactions outside cyberspace.

Internet addicts can start at any age and those that have it, can’t get enough of their favorite online activity. They spend all day long in front an screen, neglecting everything else including family and friends.

Internet Addiction

Signs of Internet Addiction

Internet Addiction Disorder and Youth

There is an increasing number of people who are developing Internet addiction. Though not officially recognized as a disorder in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). It has been reported that up to 5% or even 15 million Americans can be diagnosed as having some form of this condition, although the true figure may actually exceed those numbers due in part-to lax diagnostic criteria and lack scientific research on IAD at present time. Those suffering from internet obligedness exhibit extremely harmful behaviors such as spending excessive amounts hours every day online; becoming distressed when they’re unable access a website; getting upset if someone else uses your devices while you’re out.

Fighting Internet Addiction

Fighting Internet Addiction with Hands-On Puzzles

How to Stop Internet Addiction

The first step is making sure that your digital life doesn’t take over all other aspects in shaping who are; the second one has doing something called “time banking,” which means scheduling certain amount every day (or week) for non tech related activities like reading books etc., finally thirdly there’s recognizing when someone else needs attention more than anything. Parents have a key-role in how much “tech” is used in a child’s upbringing.

Internet Addiction as a Whole

Internet addiction has been defined by the Internet, but it’s difficult to tell if this condition should be considered a mental disorder on its own. Some experts believe that excessive use of technology can lead someone into harmful behaviors such as cyber-stalking or online gambling, which may need professional treatment; other researchers think these issues are more related with social problems like loneliness instead and shouldn’t necessarily receive medical attention at all. There is a growing population that thing “big tech” giants such as FB, IG, Google, YouTube, Twitter are engaging in methods that push the idea of making users more addicted to tech. Being a trillion-dollar industry, it’s not hard to see their argument or methods.

Reasons Why You Must Go to Sleep Early

Five Reasons Why You Must Go to Sleep Early

Reasons Why You Must Go to Sleep Early

Reasons Why You Must Go to Sleep Early

The scientific community has recognized the importance of sleeping early. In fact, it’s been shown that people who go to sleep at an earlier hour are more productive and creative than those with later bedtimes. You will always get two sides of the argument as prominent people such as Elon Musk or Mark Z. Here are five reasons why you should go to sleep early and make sure your body gets enough rest.

A study published in the American Journal Of Lifestyle Medicine found that people who got seven hours or more each night experienced less depression than those getting six posted evening hrs., while another research teams reports journal articles noting links between lengthy sleeping periods an increased risk for heart problems among healthy young adults.

Benefits of Sleep

The Benefits of Sleep

What is REM?

REM stands for rapid eye movement. When we sleep, our brain waves change and become more regular as well as less intense – this is what causes and when the human body dreams. In other words, REM sleep is a type of stage in the sleeping process, it occurs when we’re least aware. This means that our brain waves change from slow-wave (theta) to rapid eye movement or REM stages – this can happen anywhere from 30 minutes before waking up until 2 hours after going back into deep slumber again! In general though most people only remain awake for about 45 minute periods during their night time which translate into between 4 and 5 cycles per slept hour depending on how long you’ve been resting at any given point.

Importance of Sleep

The Importance of Sleep

Importance of Sleep

The benefits of sleeping early and getting enough of sleep aids other areas of the body not just simply the brain. Main benefit of sleeping is it’s healing affects in growth & stress hormones, immune system, endocrine system and cardiovascular health.

Benefits of Wheat Germ

10 Health Benefits of Wheat Germ

Benefits of Wheat Germ

The Benefits of Wheat Germ

Before diving into the 10 health benefits of Wheat Germ. Let’s quickly educate on what is wheat germ? It’s the part of the wheat kernel that is removed when wheat grains are being ground into flour. It’s a very small part of the whole wheat grains, but it’s rich in nutrients. You can often purchase wheat germ in grain or oil forms in health food sections of grocery stores or at health food stores.

  1. Digestive Cleansing: What germ has lots of fiber, and fiber is good for passing food through your body’s digestive system. In other words, fiber makes you go to the bathroom more often. How can this be good? For one thing, it cleans out your system by urging along any toxins and bad bacteria that otherwise could build up in your stomach or intestines.
  2. Fertility: What germ also has plenty of Vitamin E, and Vitamin E helps to keep the reproductive organs working well in both males and females. Vitamin E not only helps the organs to function properly, but it also can help men who suffer from impotence.
  3. Healthy Skin: Vitamin E also is good for anti-aging and keeping the skin looking young and smooth. So add some wheat germ to your cereal or yogurt or on top of fruit to keep your youthful glow!
  4. Birth Defects: No, wheat germ can’t prevent all birth defects, but it does contain folic acid and plenty of other nutrients that can lower the chances of a birth defect in an unborn child.
  5. Blood Clots: All that Vitamin E in wheat germ also works as a natural anti-oxidant that’s good for the heart. Eating wheat germ helps to prevent heart disease because that Vitamin E when in the blood stream helps to prevent cellular damage and buildups of clots in the blood.
  6. Healthy Hair: Want your hair to look fantastic? If so, add some wheat germ to your diet. Wheat germ contains thiamin, which contains an important vitamin in keeping your hair strong and natural looking. Thiamin is also good for the bones and skin.
  7. Muscular Disorders: Octacosanol is a natural fatty alcohol that helps to fight against muscular dystrophy and other muscular-related disorders. Guess what has its fair share of octacosanol? You guessed it. Wheat germ.
  8. Weight Loss: Wheat germ helps in the battle of the bulge, too. Vitamin B6 found in wheat germ is important in keep the body’s metabolism going strong, and if the metabolism is going strong then the body is burning more calories. Thus, less weight. Also, Vitamin B5 found in wheat germ helps in the body’s energy production, and a higher energy production means more calories burnt. Again, more weight loss.
  9. Malnutrition: Wheat germ is what’s considered a nutritionally dense food, which is a fancy way of saying it is stuffed full of vitamins, minerals, proteins and more that are important to the body. This makes wheat germ is positive food for third-world nations that are struggling with starvation and malnutrition, and for those who are suffering in more built up nations as well.
  10. Disease Resistance: All that Vitamin E and Vitamin B, as well as all the other nutrient found in wheat germ, helps to body to fight all kinds of different diseases, even cancers. Check with your doctor and a local nutritionist about adding some wheat germ to your diet. Who knows? It might just add years to your life.

What is Wheat Germ?

Wheat germ is loaded with nutrients, including vitamin C and E. It also contains essential fatty acids that can be hard to find elsewhere! These healthy fats help your body stay hydrated by keeping cells intact; without them we’d have dry skin all day long- something no one wants (especially those suffering from eczema). Wheat germs contain more than 50% moisture which means it will feel greasy when rubbed between fingers but doesn’t have a long shelf life.

In other words, wheat germ contains a type of fat called vaccenic acid which has been shown in studies to have many health benefits. It helps the body burn calories more efficiently, reduce inflammation symptoms such as joint pain and muscle soreness after exercise or physical activity; along with anxiety reduction properties for those dealing with depressed moods springing from chronic illness

Physiology of Anger

Physiology of Anger

Physiology of Anger

The Physiology of Anger

The physiology of anger, is commonly known as the fight-or-flight response. Anger is a well known phenomenon in which your body’s major systems prepare to either flee from or attack an enemy. The physical reactions include increasing heart rate, narrowing blood vessels and reducing circulation; while the emotional ones include anger/hostility as one of their many symptoms (with other being fear).

The anger you feel towards someone or something is only temporary, and it will pass. One of the best ways to manage your anger is to think about the bigger picture of the situation. Most often than not, the reasons of being angry is superficial and can be passed by positive thinking. Understanding the situation and knowing one’s physiology of anger can help prevent episodes and bring positive light to a situation.

Why Do I Get Angry?

It is not always easy to understand why we feel the ways that we do. However, anger often begins as a defense mechanism against fear and insecurity–the way you react in those moments of panic can serve both your physical needs (such running away) or emotional ones by breaking down into tears or raising the heart rate due to anger/hostility.

What to Do When Angry?

Take a deep breath and count to 10 before speaking as much as you can (“1-2…. 3 4”).

What Happens When One Gets Angry?

Anger changes the way we think and act, which in turn impacts our cognitive processing. Our brains become more focused on automatic responses like raised heart rate or muscle tension as opposed to strategic thinking that is required for a positive outcome. In other words, those who are angry have an harder time thinking clearly and efficiently because their brain’s processing is compromised by changes in autonomic response.

Talking to Yourself Is Normal

Coming soon…

Talking to Yourself is Normal?

Individuals that are going through an emotional roller coaster with no partner or group to address issues or unravel their thoughts is normal. Commented by Serene Self, it’s common to see couples not using marriage counseling, to have one partner talk to themselves more often than not to iron-out issues. Like anything, without viable feedback, one can make things worse, depending on what direction that person seems to lean in figuring out issues.

Amazing Benefits of Mangos

10 Unknown Uses for Mangoes

We know mango fruit as a delicious fruit with its yummy taste. Mango is considered as the king of fruits. It is rich in minerals like calcium, potassium, iron, phosphorus and vitamins like A, B, C. Ayurveda says there are medicinal values in mango fruit as well as in leaves, branches, flowers etc. These parts of mango tree can be used as home remedy for various diseases.

Unknown Benefits of Mangoes

  1. Grind the wood of a mango tree; for one part of that grinded wood, add four parts of water. Boil it for 10 to 15 minutes. This is called mango decoction. Take this daily twice to get redemption from menstrual cramps and heavy menstruation.
  2. Mix lemon juice to the gum of mango; make it as a paste and use it to treat skin diseases like scabies
  3. Consume a pickle or a dal made with fresh tender mango leaves to strengthen the functioning of liver
  4. Mango decoction is useful for Asthma and cough. It works as antiseptic and heals wounds.
  5. Grind the inner part of the mango seed; mix it with equal quantity of jaggery. Give 2g of it to children daily twice to treat Amoebiasis.
  6. Dry mango flowers and grind as powder. Use the powder 1g daily twice with honey to reduce diabetes.
  7. Amchur (dried mango pieces) can be useful to cure Scurvy
  8. Next time when you eat too much fish don’t worry of indigestion. Eat a piece of raw mango to help it digest.
  9. Mix 25 g of honey in 300 ml mango juice. Take it daily to cure the enlargement of gall bladder.
  10. Research reveals that mangiferin in mango helps to prevent cancerous growth even in advanced stage

Health Benefits of Mangos

Amazing Health Benefits of Mangos

So plant a mango tree in your garden for getting these benefits. The arrangement of mango leaves not only gives shade but also reflects heat. One interesting fact is mango tree absorbs sound waves. As a result it can control sound pollution.

Taking too many mangoes might result in lack of appetite, constipation etc. So don’t eat too many mangoes. In case you digest too many, here is a home remedy. Mix dry ginger with sugar and eat it. It will set everything right.

Mangoes are rich in nutrients and also delicious.

Who can never be attracted but be delightful to the amiable shapes and sweet aroma of various mangoes that the Philippines are blessed with? Mango belongs to the Mangifera genus of the tall evergreen trees. Mango is really so delicious and aromatic tropical fruit available in different shapes, colors, sizes and weight. This might be oval, round, elongated or kidney-shaped, green, green-yello9w or even orange to red. It is accessible during the hot season.

Do you know that Mango is contemplated as the queen of Philippine fruits? The Philippines has different varieties of mangoes such as kalabaw, piko, indiyan, paho, supsupin.
Filipinos are so proud of the Philippine mangoes of kalabaw variety because these are labeled internationally as Philippine Super Mangoes and are considered as one of the delicious fruits in the world.

Data of the National Mango Research and Development Center shows, the Philippines ranks seventh among the major mango producing countries and ranks sixth largest fresh mango exporter in the world, and its main export variety is the kalabaw mango.
Truly, no one can ever refuse the tasty smell of mango to enjoy the bounty that this tropical fruit brings! This certainly rewards a lot of health benefits for those who actually enjoy eating it.

According to several nutritionists and health experts, the amazing health benefits of mangos are very nutritious and excellent sources of beta (vitamin A) carotene compared to the other fruits. Vitamin A is fundamental for proper development of cells of the skin, mucous membrane and even protects eyes for night vision or prevents from night blindness.

Both ripe and unripe mangoes are very good sources of vitamin C. Both Vitamins A and C are anti-oxidant and help prevent free radical injury and, therefore, minimize the risk of certain cancer.

Medium ripe manggang (mango) kalabaw gives more vitamin A (beta-carotene) than medium ripe piko but both have almost the same amounts of vitamin C. Unripe mangoes contains more vitamin C than ripe mango, but ripe mango has full of pro-vitamin (beta-carotene) but smaller amount of vitamin C. Unripe paho or pahutan has more vitamin C while unripe manggang (mango) kalabaw and piko.

Health experts also discovered that decoction from the roots of mango is also beneficial to be used against some kidney diseases. Using decoction from the mango roots is also good to relieve some kidney illnesses.

They also found out that mango resin can cure various wounds in the mouth like chop lips. The fresh leaves of mango can be boiled and its decoction when drink is an excellent defense to diarrhea and diabetes. Using some ashes out of the mango burned leaves can also heal skin burns. Leaves and bark of the mango tree are also useful to cure toothache, weak gums and sore throat.

The decoction of mango bark is likewise good against diphtheria. Herbalists also discovered drinking the decoction of the mango dried flowers can also cure diarrhea and urinary bladder diseases.

Moreover, raw mango is good when used as astringent and can cure scurvy. Eating a raw mango is recommendable when suffering from indigestion and constipation. The powdered mango leaves is believed that can ease the diabetes. Drinking the decoction of mango leaves is effective against burns, scald, asthma, bloody gums and ringworm. To drink the decoction of mango leaves with small amount of honey is an efficient medication against laryngitis and other bronchial diseases.

Using resin out of the mango bark is also good anti-nasal catarrh and lung hemorrhages. Mangga (mango) bark is good for hot compress to relieve the pain and reduce swelling as recommended by some health experts. Just simply boil a piece of mango bark in a hot with (3) glasses of water for (10) minutes. Use the decoction for hot compress.

It is always recommended that patients who are suffering from cough should drink plenty of water and fruit juices. Finely chop several fresh leaves. Get (6) tbsp. of the chopped leaves and boiled in an earthenware pot containing (2) glasses of water for (15) minutes. Cool and strain and drink the decoction. If dried leaves are used, boil only (4) tbsp. of finely chopped dried leaves.

Mango leaves are good medicinal plant used for vaginal wash especially for women who have just delivered a baby or who have vaginal infections.

Meanwhile, Mango Industry in the Philippines is being anticipated to continuously grow. The Department of Agriculture (DA) in the country said, the volume of exporting Philippine mangoes would furthermore increase after the United States Government allowed Guam and Hawaii to purchase that tropical fruit being harvested from different parts of the Philippines, but, excluding Palawan area.

The demand for Philippine mangoes is also expanding in US as a result of such rule. Reports said, about 250 metric tons of mangoes had been sold by the Philippine Government to US Government in year 2007 from 56.3 metric tons in year 2006. The Philippines ranks sixth among the largest countries which sells fresh mangoes in US.

Agriculture sector in the Philippines, yearly, gains its P14.9 Billion revenues from the Mango Industry. DA declared mango ranks third among the fundamental fruit products of the Philippines next to banana and pineapple.

Here are some recommendable refreshing drinks or beverages prepared by the Food and Nutrition Research Institute under the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) in the Philippines.

Mango Fruit Juice Medley Recipe


  • 1 (pc) ripe mango
  • 1 (pc) lakatan banana
  • 1 slice papaya
  • kalamansi juice
  • sugar to taste


  1. Blend all the fruits into the blender until they are smooth.
  2. Add 2/3 cup of water for every 1/3 cup of fruit pulp.
  3. Stir in Kalamansi juice and sugar. Chill.

Enjoy serving (4) cups of the finished product.

Green Mango Punch Drink Recipe


  • 1 (pc) green mango (kalabaw variety)
  • 2 (cups) water
  • 1 (tsp) kalamansi juice
  • 1 (cup) sugar
  • 1 (cup) carbonated beverage


  1. Remove all skins and seeds of the green mango. Put pulp in blender with (2) cups of water. Cover it.
  2. Turn on the blender and run for (1) to (2) minutes or until mixture is thoroughly blended.
  3. Pour blended ingredients into a pitcher.
  4. Stir in kalamansi juice, sugar and carbonated beverage.

Serves the (4) cups of the finished product while cold.

Sunscreen Facts

Sunscreen Fact: What Sunscreens CAN and Can’t Do

The most obvious result of a day in the sun can be seen almost overnight – your skin will be a shade or two darker. But a layer of tan isn’t the only damage caused by the sun’s harsh rays. The longer your skin is exposed to the sun, the more the collagen and elastin in the deeper layers are broken down, giving less support to the underlying muscles and the skin’s surface. The skin tries to protect itself from the damage, in turn thickening as a means of regeneration. This response mechanism can start happening within 12 weeks of persistent exposure. That’s why it makes sense to start using skin protection early on in life and no matter what season of the year it is. Some studies suggest that maximum skin damage occurs in the 18 to 20 years of age.

Sunscreen Facts vs Myths

Sunscreen Facts vs Myths

Now you already know the importance of sunscreens in any skin protection regimen. But are you really clear on what sunscreens can and can’t do? Maybe not. Here is been separate sunscreen fact from fiction.

Myth 1: Sunscreen is all you need to stay safe.

Reality:  “Sunscreen is only one part of the sun- protection picture” just slathering it on and doing nothing else isn’t going to cut it because, even with sunscreen, there’s still up to a 50 percent risk that you’ll burn. You also need to seek shade between 10 AM and 4 PM when sunlight is strongest; cover up with clothing, a broad-brimmed hat or other forms of headgear and UV-blocking sunglasses; do regular skin self- exams; and get a professional skin evaluation annually.


Myth 2: SPF measures levels of protection against both UVB and UVA rays.

Reality: The SPF (sun protection factor) measures only the level of protection against UVB rays. But several of the 16 active ingredients approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in sunscreens also block or absorb UVA rays. Ingredients include: avobenzone, octocrylene, titanium dioxide, and zinc oxide, as well as the recently approved MexorylSX. Make sure one of these is in your sunscreen, or look for products labelled “broad spectrum,” which means they protect against UVB and UVA rays.

Sunscreen Myths

Myth 3: Some sunscreens can protect all day.

Reality: “Regardless of the SPF or what the label says, sunscreens must be reapplied every two hours,”  “The active ingredients in most products begin to break down when exposed to the sun.” Only physical blockers like zinc oxide stay potent after two hours, but not all sunscreens are made with these ingredients.